The stark choice the NFL faced

Trada 50 free spins

Colt at 2 on italian hand! Mariota needs 13 yards rushing for 1,000 in his career. I also like the option to do use billpay and transfer quickly to other wells fargo customers.

Giant spins casino

You can bill what you desire, as well as airbnb even guards you along with residential or commercial property damages as well as crash insurance policy. That is why a lot of people are turning to a company? It should be the result of having done something estimable.

Mybookie bonus

Ask for susan she's the best. Studies of eppase in some studies the genes for eppase were obtained from a silk moth while a strain of escherichia coli served as the host for production of this receptor. Economic policy has been been consistent, well-designed and well-executed. The at worst downside to gratified hour is that there are during the course of a straws of other people winning argosy beat of the regardless probability to lap up and apply in nutriment feise.

Slot spin casino

Each person takes a turn to place a relevant card at the centre. Now, nj has a thriving land-based and online sports betting market? Other conductors may choose to put the railing back, but i am pretty comfortable within the confines of the podium.

Irish open 2020 poker

Masks and gloves will be available to staff and visitors? Desire for a peaceful solution to the tensions with kuwait and urged iraq to respect to sovereignty of all nations in the region. I do not intend ive review anything like this prior to.

Dog house slot

This involves anything from the positioning of the hands and wrists to the backbone for your shoulder joint rotation. The same man who brought chiropractic innovations to the quad-cities also brought broadcasting here. The lightning capitalized quickly on a power play with palat's tap-in 14 seconds before the break to make it a one-goal game again. Billing of kmart and other advertisers in january.

Big slot wins 2019

Nude girls orgasum vintage clips. Separate agreements reached on grains, chemical products and a code on anti-dumping! Sleeping disorders is a predicament of which many individuals around the world struggle with nightly? My prolonged internet investigation has at the end of the day been compensated with incredibly good facts to talk about with my friends.

Free online 777 slot machines

Vf, desegregation, gary, indiana, 1962! The form of these hills varies, though generally they are narrow rounded stumps and occasionally flat-topped. An e-commerce payment option serves like a channel that can bring a detail from just one location to yet another.

Mr bet casino free spins

The first thing that is no surprises in the game is that there are is the game logo with the wild, as these will help you trigger the free spins. It is just on the verge of psychedelic, with evel knievel doing motorcycle jumps over the caesars fountain, and every other celeb, hood and freak passing through. The national transportation and safety board was investigating the crash. Php penis above a unceasing while of without surcease to expand muscle tissue.


Unfortunately, despite all the great design of the site itself, this is where guts let us down. Cool-to-moderate temperatures and moist conditions under the plant canopy are a triggering factor for germination of sclerotia and subsequent infection of plant parts? Production of human tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin-6, and interleukin-10 is induced by lactic acid bacteria.

Relax roulette

China could have ended the trade war with the us last may, thereby giving its flagging economy a significant boost. Air jordan 1 purple and black. The most basic advice is simply knowing as much as you can when you place a bet on boxing. You understand thus considerably with regards to this matter, made me individually consider it from a lot of numerous angles.

Dingo casino code

The government of the autonomous region of castilla-la mancha, in spain, has begun the year by continuing with its austerity policy, which is proving disastrous for the local economy. 7029 share of santa fe common stock plus 0. A basic individual, after taking doses of medical cannabis and accomplishing the suitable state of cannabinoids in the blood, can delight in increased resistance, decreased vulnerability to cancer, delayed aging and minimized threat of stroke or cardiovascular disease. We take a look at some of the standard no deposit bonus rules.

Rtp blackjack

One thing i have noticed is the fact that banks as well as financial institutions are aware of the spending practices of consumers while also understand that plenty of people max outside their real credit cards around the holiday seasons. Joe and i grew up with barbara in savin hill and spent a lot of time together. The company warned that generic growth would be hampered by the economic downturn in many of its overseas markets. Also you can pick one more area to avoid wasting dollars by picking an alternate destination.

Allspinswin casino

In the fight against quartzmon zenjirou finally gains an cerulean colored xros loader with ballistamon becoming his partner. On deck there are pools, waterslides, golf, a seaside theater and activities galore to keep kids and adults of all ages entertained. Norton is one among the basic standard antivirus that is tremendously looked for ensuring contraption and giving a 1 stop security answer to any or each and every one of the total framework far and wide. The modified locomotives were known as the improved dübs a while still in service with the ngr and in later sar service as the class a belpaire!

Play gonzo's quest free

Miramichi discard all but 1 tablespoon of the fat from the skillet. If you should be on the list of almost 45 million people in america holding pupil debt, you are most likely desperate to shed that burden as fast as possible. Html tubbiness storing hormone insulin force be lowered.

Joo casino sign up

Great for me, but a bs count. They were greeted by a venezuelan diplomat and taken to a nearby hotel! I and my friends were found to be checking the best advice from your website and instantly got an awful feeling i had not thanked you for those tips! The reserves achieved back to back premierships, thrashing norwood by 97 points in the grand final.

Online casino minimum deposit 1

8 million army contract for ground mines. For many, the appropriate use of dna in the medical research field and criminal law field can only have positive benefits for the community at large. The peninsula has been under rebel control since the fighting started june 11, which ended a 13-month-old cease-fire in the tamil war for a separate homeland?

Linus poker

Still his information seems accurate so she hesitantly takes a chance that he is the genuine article. Abdul wahyu affandi or better known as the doel sumbang was born in bandung, west java, may 16, 1963, is a musician from west java. The lenses on these lightweight glasses are prisms that change the line of sight without distortion and enable the wearer to view an image as if it were straight ahead while the wearer is lying flat.

Winner casino free 150

But please read wp no original research and understand that an encyclopedia only summarises existing material already published by reliable sources it is not the place to develop new material however relevant. James political career cornwallis was returned to parliament as one of two representatives for eye in 1798 alongside his uncle sir william cornwallis a seat he held until november 1806. Push ease full-finger wheelchair glove are push gloves designed for use to protect the hands of manual wheelchair users. Gaming club casino is giving new players an amazing welcome bonus to use on their first 2 deposits!

Slots and games

Php and a willingness to contrive outdoors the heart-shaped whomp, you can veer well-known gifts like flowers and bon-bons on much less riches or swap them revealed representing some less unwritten gestures that are locution for conference as romantic. I looked on the web for the concern and discovered most people will accompany with your website. I'm about to run out of credit dermatensif while dreamers say they appreciate republicans' change of heart, it is too little too late?

Bovada nfl draft

We have also adopted policies and conduct training that provides guidance on our expectations, and our advice for best practices, in protecting our trade secrets. Of jason and stone jewell of porum, okla. This is utilized to help improve the overall birth! Join all your crypto buying and selling transactions in addition to foes in life there.

Fake gambling games

Snapchat has been added to the 2019 dirty dozen watchlist. Your girlfriend that you claim is stalking you. Urbana we asked subjects to record daily health markers and actions relevant to the metadata categories? Soft original for huawei honor mate 7 7a 8 9 10 20 v8 v9 v10 v30 p40 g lite play mini pro p smart tokyo ghoul fashion.

Hall of gods

Thank you very much for this high quality and result oriented guide. Ra magazine sent its new deputy editor sarah handelman to discover how to do it well. And make sure the plants are not subjected to freezing temperatures!

Slotsmillion bonus

But michael boudin is a quintessential member of the legal establishment who has a reputation as an outstanding appellate lawyer. Jack and the beanstalk slot join jack on his quest for riches in this epic slot featuring free spins and allnew walking wilds! Written by fannyxxxml 145 weeks ago. The professors were outstanding and always helpful and showed concern for the students.

5 min deposit casino

To truly have a effective swing heading, you will need to use your muscle groups, especially your trunk area and hip and legs! Prism casino 100 no deposit bonus codes 2020. In some embodiments, the new pattern replaces the old pattern.

Best gambling apps to win money

March 8, 1973 san mateo, ca. We are willing to accommodate. Molly mae is a beautiful blonde slut delivering the old man young woman fantasy while others watch. From the flamante series, i do not remember which slot machine had better odds.

Rizk casino bonus

Except in very limited circumstances, the classification is not changed subsequent to initial recognition. Asa andrew slots of vegas mobile app on the launch of one of the world's first and only customized dna nutritional supplements. Cheap jerseys there are few things more symbolic of the wild west than the cowboy boot.

Poker chips target

So glad he came back and proved em wrong. Marijuana oil has already marked a brand-new period in which man ceased to fear what is unidentified, and began to uncover what our ancestors had currently noticed and utilize the considerable capacity, initially look, a little unusual relationships, associated generally with pathology. Since the raise the question i can assure you that winer has in fact made an unrestricted release of the book into the public domain at this site.

Mondial casino

Your life such a gift you give. That brings to 20 the total number of attendants that american has fired since the union began handing out the pamphlets last sunday. I will value should you continue on these.

Slots villa casino

For the past 30 years, consumers in japan and western europe also have added to their debt! The testimonials are the ideal kind information for people who are not aware of something. Remembering some good recommendations and concepts will usually end up being important to you within your period of will need.

Bodog free

To sum up, if you have a little money that you are going to spend on an online casino or you just want to check out the casino before making a deposit, pay by phone bill mobile casino is the best way to do this. Four nights is just about the right amount of time to spend in the high energy and heat of las vegas. Crandall, in a letter of apology to alpa, said the mistake was made by american's advertising agency, bozell inc. Once you traveling be sure to require a traveling-dimensions package of febreeze or related merchandise with your purse.

Mybookie reddit

Furthermore, only higher somatic anxiety was associated with poorer qids-sr16 remission, even after adjusting for covariates and multiple comparisons. Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a handful of unrelated data, nevertheless genuinely worth taking a search, whoa did one particular study about mid east has got more problerms as well! I now live on early social security in sushi slot machine southern utah.

Free play money train 2

Here are some links to web pages that we link to simply because we think they are really worth visiting. Marijuana oil has actually currently marked a brand-new era in which male ceased to fear what is unknown, and began to discover what our ancestors had already discovered and utilize the significant capacity, initially glance, a little strange relationships, associated primarily with pathology. It seems too sophisticated and very comprehensive for me? With cobbled roads, hectic plazas and colorful residences that stack together like building blocks of yellow, blue, environment-friendly, orange and turquoise, old san juan is one of one of the most vivid locations to visit in puerto rico.

Piggy riches free slots

I simply wanted to type a word to be able to thank you for the marvelous points you are giving out on this website! Blooper bikini videos naked bulgarian gymnasts free real interacial amateur. On the evening of the 8th 28 year old kitesurfer adrien monnoyeur from toulouse ignored safety warnings and was killed as a gale in the saint jean de luz resort near biarritz in southwest france dragged him at 100 mph across the beach and fatally slammed him down from 50 ft in the air onto the beach after hitting the grand hotel and a local pier on route.

Bet at home blackjack

I absolutely love your site. The clothes are also incredibly comfortable due to their fluidity and relaxed appearance. 411 on 15 february 1990 in a speech delivered at the sapienza university of rome an earlier version had been delivered on 16 december 1989 in rieti and a later version in madrid on 24 february 1990 ratzinger 1994 p. An autopsy is set to take place at the end of this week.

Hit it rich slots zynga

For latest information you have to pay a visit the web and on world-wide-web i found this web site as a finest website for most recent updates. The business is located in mobile, alabama, united states. Something wrong with the oil. In fact, there would be nothing stopping the rest of society from speculating as to what some of these unintended consequences might be prior to commercialization.

Pokerstars 03

Your personal warm and friendly facts implies a great deal a person like me and extremely more to my office colleagues. The prime rib was dry and the lobsters were overcooked! Multipartite p partitions and inner products of skew schur functions combinatorics and algebra boulder colo.

Kiwislots free spins

A particular interest of his is video game music including the music of the final fantasy series. The introduction of closed-circuit television in shopping centres in the name of safety may be another telling sign. At the new savoy i felt all this had been achieved very effectively bearing in mind the tightness of the site and the wish of the savoy group to add on a fitness suite to the hotel as part of the rebuilding. First-section volume was estimated at 180 million shares, down from 210.

Meridian online casino

Among the graduates in the st. Your actual knowledge and kindness in handling all the pieces was excellent! Technopro supplied the led wings.

Pluribus poker

However, to make a deposit to a casino through paypal, you are required to have a bank account linked to your paypal account! Duct adhesive tape is surely an crucial piece to incorporate in your outdoor camping equipment. This is the most essential part of your camping outdoors items? Two of the songs are bit songs, and not a single one of the other songs is longer than four-and-a-half minutes.

Play demo pragmatic

Pragmatic play has the right to revoke its software license of course? Load up a timer that one could attach to your lighting that will quickly close them off after a a number of time. But now things have changed and asian countries are shining on the world map due to the greatness of many asian women.

Pacific poker 888 free download

Are thus due to the choices of member states. Although this time im not sure if this would be best for the users. Historical challenges to drug development in fibrosis.

Play pokies for free no registration

This short article will present you with information on how you can approach all those pressures and savor your time and energy away. He moved his practice to the new sandton clinic in 1975, where he participated in the first surgery performed there. 18 -1 98 -1?

Best online sports gambling sites

97-347 structural transect across the southern carlin trend, elko and eureka counties, nevada, by s. Just before, never ever plan a visit. You should be the owner.

Lucky lady charm free play

The b2b database will incorporate business contact details from some of the most popular internet sources. Abito con schiena scoperta nerosnoopy scarpa tela bimbo due buchi sottopiede cuoio 2211429 23blu uomo maglioni taglia s online fashiola compara ebriglia cammello. Midwest express, which flies out of milwaukee, offers 25-inch-wide leather seats and a 34-inch pitch on all planes. Dinner und casino gutschein einl.

Best college football bets

With his debut album for capitol, already certified as gold, mr. Proper paraphrasing is a learned skill. There is a plethora of information on these topics and the internet is your perfect source. Your mode of telling the whole thing in this paragraph is truly pleasant, every one be able to without difficulty know it, thanks a lot.

Free spins no deposit bonus

Am in pain that it's caused pain to me, to her. The margin of error is definitely pretty tight this time of year. Furthermore, labor agreements may limit the ability of our hotel managers to reduce the size of hotel workforces during an economic downturn because collective bargaining agreements are negotiated between the hotel managers and labor unions. He was in private practice for 38 years and at the time of his death was still practising at milpark hospital.

Casino bonus 888

Offering extras like these earn our praise, along with a ratings bump. This western provides one of the largest open world landscapes in gaming history, providing players with all kinds of fun and exciting things to do? Now that you have an idea of what it requires to successfully vacation without the hassles, you can go on and prepare that next getaway. Click here for the top mortgage rates anywhere!

Slots of vegas win real money

The bobsleigh luge and skeleton track skeleton was added in the early 1990s have hosted the fibt world championships in 1992 skeleton 1996 skeleton 2001 women s bobsleigh men s and women s skeleton and 2005. Hi, i just discovered your blog via msn. The ideas contained in this article are ready to assist you to appreciate your trips. If you are worried about the smell in public shot utilizing it before going to sleep.

Free play online casino real money

A basic individual, after taking doses of medicinal cannabis and attaining the appropriate state of cannabinoids in the blood, can enjoy increased resistance, minimized vulnerability to cancer, postponed aging and lowered risk of stroke or heart attack. Make the move to digital and mobile. Players can choose an option between 6 months, 1 year, or 5 years depending on how long they want to restrict themselves from gambling activities.

Online gambling spin and win

The back wall has built-in shelving and a towel bar! There is a great natural foods burrito place on the way to or from garberville and luckyballs casino tarkastelu of course, there is a foster's freeze on the way back. We have tailored some useful tips for you for these specific games so that you know what the most appropriate action is based on your situation.

Riverboat gambling

On, spain's iberdrola and italy's enel - has made an impact, assevera. I like this blog very much, its a rattling nice spot to read and incur info. Alansohn talk 23 34 1 december 2010 utc this seems to merely be disagreement with the outcome of the original discussion not a process issue etc. 3 for the general population.

Royal vegas free play

Relations started to fray in 2009, when turkey's islamist-leaning prime minister recep tayyip erdogan began berating israel over its occupation of palestinian territory. Sticks to bathtub, walls, windows, school lockers, tabletops, and desktops. East germany's opposition movement has long been plagued by intense government suppression. Direct contact with people remains an essential part of dating and it always will.

Slingo rainbow riches demo play

De ktbshtlf on friday 25th of july 2014? For instance, while certain companies would prefer raw,, rough, unpolished surface for their cards and would maintain a sophisticated surface, it might be mandatory for certain other brands to put their best foot forward and indulge in a gloss printed surface on their cards? Furthermore, the influence of age and sex of the animal, geographical location and season was investigated. I wonder how much attempt you place to make such a wonderful informative website.

Casino like bovada

Because of this potential for cheating, peeking as a normal procedure in the play of blackjack has been viewed with disfavor by many casinos! You will get 10 spins at first, then 10 per day for the next 9 days! Preparation is wonderful, but remember that your vacation needs to be about entertaining and adventure way too.

Play and learn with mr green 3

Instead, lodi warren and sanders largely stood together, beating back moderate critics all night. Biglietti da visita on line economici marina rinaldi red carpet collection portafogli donna visconti gucci borse mare on line cintura argento cronometri casio running vestiti marciano borsa chanel jumbo prezzo. There is a hour front desk with laundry facilities at the hotel webster city paris vaugirard. Establish the alarm to some affordable time or transform it away from to help you rest peacefully.

8 game pokerstars

6 techniques for getting financing for those who have bad credit often life gets messy. 2-3-6 minami-senba , chuo-ku , osaka 5410081 japan. We like to honor numerous other online websites on the web, even though they arent linked to us, by linking to them.

Best pokie machines to win on

I think this iss one of the most important information foorme? I visited multiple web sites however the audio quality for audio songs existing at this website is really marvelous. I thought about this get the facts read bonuses you could look here go go to my site her comment is here view publisher site this article my review here learn the facts here now try here learn the facts here now check that. Valid for 30 days javascript for the best possible experience 2015, coral casino uses from.

Uptown aces online casino

With a background in recruiting and admissions, kristen looks forward to supporting public health science majors in their academic exploration and professional development as the program coordinator for admissions and advising? God wants us healthy in every aspect of life. Police are urging those who have been intimately assaulted by somebody they came across through dating apps to come ahead also in the event that perpetrator has attempted to conceal their identification. Even if the stones had just recorded gimme shelter then they'd deserve to win.

Gaming betting sites

More than that, the issue pits some of the republican party's most vocal conservatives against mr. In this report, 2018 has been considered as the base year and 2018 to 2025 deutsche online casino bonus ohne einzahlung as the forecast period to estimate the market size for cardiology electrodes. The officials believe the proposals have unfairly hit the union's nottinghamshire stronghold.

Full tilt poker no deposit bonus

If you adhere to the suggestions using this article, you may be willing to make easy and anxiety-totally free journey ideas. Smartphone apps will verify your location within a legal betting area before allowing you to wager. A sweet flower, floating softly with the wind, gentle and free. If the player zaps the 3do logo that pops up briefly he wins instantly.

Joka online casino

I suggest you back away from the ledge you are dangerously close to falling off. I do think that you ought to write more about this subject matter, it may not be a taboo subject but usually people do not speak about these issues! De ztkhfasi on sunday 19th of october 20!

Android gambling

Here you will uncover some websites that we consider you will appreciate, just click the hyperlinks over. Some students may find the following schematic. 74, passed away peacefully on february 29, 2020 surrounded by her loving family at hospice in toledo, oh.

Buffalo rising megaways free play

Remember, maar het programma blijft nog steeds relatief vaag als gevolg van een lage betrokkenheid. Alerion offers automated intelligent drone solutions for infrastructure maintenance tasks, focusing on the wind turbine inspections and similar challenging environments. There is not any much better way to view a spot rather than to just stroll close to. This useful report means this much a person like me and additionally to my colleagues!

Mini slot machine

Practically nothing has the potential of creating life-time memories quite like camping outdoors. We'd love to have our companies redeploy cash, but they can't. You also can find a lot of fibers in tthe yellow bananas. 81 ian brown maida vale wa 2 05.

Silversands casino coupons

2500sf 8is-s76-b68 residential rentals ventura co. Given that the 1950s, american companies have actually been investing on the island, motivated by the duty-free exchange with the united states and also tax obligation incentives! Here are some links to web-sites that we link to since we think they may be worth visiting. Plan a evening airline flight in case you are traveling with a baby.

Rainbow riches party free play

It is like saying the nbc is advocating jay leno because they air him so that is not a notability indication? I needed to thank you for thiss great read. Online casino slot games are particularly quick to play, and can obtain it a little game play between other duties.

Springbok mobile

Some interviewees tend to stutter, buckle and get stumped when asked tough questions during the interview process. In its 24th season the festival offers orchestral and chamber concerts in the sunriver resort's great hall, conducted by the artistic director, lawrence leighton smith. Flip-flops or fall-on footwear is perfect air vacation shoes and boots! We're just kind of hung up on the stern here!

Free mobile slots win real money

Federal home minister buta singh told parliament the move in the southern state came after the janata dal party lost its majority, the reports said. The current name is a little unsatisfactory because it doesn t align with the head article parliament of ireland it would be better if it used a parenthesised disambiguator. After looking over a few of the articles on your web page, i honestly like your way of writing a blog. Ghalzz thank you for your post.

Lucky dino free spins

Mardi gras party, drafts, guest list, correspondence, 1941. Marijuana oil has currently marked a brand-new era in which guy stopped to fear what is unidentified, and started to uncover what our ancestors had actually already seen and use the substantial potential, at very first glance, a little unusual relationships, associated primarily with pathology! I will bookmark your site and keep checking for new?

21 dukes free spins

Also, you will enjoy the event with the family. Hitung bilangan perintis, bermainlah didalam pas konservatif dengan konsentrasi serta ketenangan! Take some food along with you when you go to a new area in runescape. Inconsolable, i walked across the desolate square, hands in my pockets.

Jackpot poker pokerstars net

The clintons covered most of these connections one way or another and their state prospered, relatively, under their tutelage. An en suite bathroom with a hairdryer and bathrobes is also provided! Both bills embrace the idea of online sportsbooks and mobile betting apps for ohio residents?

Twitter doug polk

Wherever you decide to go when you get there boston is an excellent location to go to on holiday or on organisation alone or with the household boston is a terrific location! I visited several websites but the audio quality for audio songs existing at this site is genuinely fabulous. I want to report a marrasdrugstore. But they did not need everything.


All i listen to is a number of whining regarding something that you can take care of if you werent too active looking for interest. The government fired more than 3,000 members of the judiciary, creating an atmosphere of fear that further limited judicial independence and complicated or delayed court proceedings? This will help make sure that you have a good romantic relationship in your keep. The vaccination against covid-19 has started on december 27, 2020.

Starburst free spins no deposit 2019

Trying to find the mate of the goals. There are much better ones out there trust me. Com is really a hosted edition of wordpress.

Play slots online for real money no deposit required

Nursery shoes at mini barratts. Dealer must hit to a total for hard 17. Anyway i will be subscribing to your feeds or even i success you get entry to persistently quickly? As we mentioned, the link to the faq page resides in the footer part of the site.

Sweet bonanza xmas slot

The world bank has suspended all loan disbursements to peru because the south american country is more than 75 days overdue in making payments on outstanding credit from the international agency, a senior world bank official in washington said. Nike just do it mini backpack blue stan smith women jordan 4 collection adidas human race nmd holi all star sneakers 2018 black air force 1 off white isabel marant sneakers silver red checkerboard vans near me. I was advised of this discussion by user epeefleche who noted that i had participated in similar afds recently. If you enjoy the great outdoors, nature, and the smell of outdoors, nothing at all will make you happy over a great camping outdoors journey?

Island luck demo

He previously led the product compliance team at amazon, managing the compliance and safety of over 6 billion unique items. This may help assure you have the best possible selection regarding vacation living space to decide on from so that you can find the particular one that is the best fit for your needs. The markup on these small products is disproportionate when compared to the amount of area that you simply preserve.

Blackjack 12

Complaint with the same story, and we can assure you they are! Safety evaluations of bifidobacterium bifidum bgn4 and bifidobacterium longum bori. Platforms are filed and forgotten. Continuously i used to read smaller posts which also clear their motive, and that is also happening with this paragraph which i am reading at this time!

Spin palace premium casino

I definitely enjoyed every little bit of it and i have you bookmarked to check out new information in your blog. You should put any expensive electronic devices and precious jewelry within the motel safe. You power gang each other folks recompense a scourge and better that your parents are not unreservedly as zealous as they reach-me-down to be. The reason the officer stopped him was withheld by police.

$50 no deposit mobile casino

The results obtained indicate that the films are not fully miscible at a dry state despite the weak hydrogen bonding between the polymer functional groups. 10000 in accordance with him or her bank account or any type of server used. After work-related anxiety attacks, she prematurely delivered a son. As a member of the oecs, there are no exchange controls in dominica and the invoicing of foreign trade transactions are allowed in any currency.


5 winter hopper hefeweizen german hefeweizen 6 summer imperial red ale american strong ale 7. Some basic foodstuffs are rationed? Every gambler is dealt with two cards, including the dealer himself. Cannabis oil has currently marked a brand-new period in which man ceased to fear what is unknown, and started to find what our ancestors had currently noticed and use the substantial potential, at first look, a little unusual relationships, associated generally with pathology?

Live las vegas slots

88 41 -0. When asked why he had joined the i. The bonus amount has a wagering limit of 40x, after which you can withdraw your winnings into your bank account! This software is safe and also easy to install but it is sensible to have a strong anti virus program to be on the safer side?

Easy slots

If you tap your fitbit flex fitness tracker and sleep monitor together with your nfc succesful android telephone, you instantly launch your fitbit app. Under buy marketed drug the canada generic brand the is clomid benzocaine lozenges philippines name serophene. A basic person, after taking doses of medicinal cannabis and attaining the appropriate state of cannabinoids in the blood, can enjoy increased immunity, reduced susceptibility to cancer, delayed aging and lowered threat of stroke or cardiac arrest.

Wild wild samurai slot machine

You can withdraw at any time, and if per thursday being played in a seat, the dealer may provide a poker gaming platform to play on your smartphone or tablet. Gooding rosalie 5144 westminster ave philadelphia pa 19131. Truly lots of terrific info.

Game slot pragmatic play

Hemp cbd oil side effects63. These plants are quite luxurious and bloom profusely every year. A first class stamp terbinafine hydrochloride cream for nail fungus the fdny said thursday it had finally stabilized its emergency dispatching system! The giant list of every movie ever made, in alphabetical order.

Joker123 gaming

When you are traveling by air flow, if you find that you should check your bags, be sure you that continue to keep at least a change of clothing together with you within your bring-on handbag. Ich freue mich schon auf mehr. Thanks a lot for giving everyone an extremely nice possiblity to read from this site.

No deposit bonus list

Column 6 is computed as the difference between payments to esrd providers with the case-mix adjustments compared to payments to providers without the case-mix adjustments. General pgsi scores were significantly higher than activity-specific scores for lottery, but general and activity-specific scores were not significantly different for vlts, demonstrating that the pgsi is a better indicator of activity-specific scores for some forms of gambling over others! Bonus must be used within 30 days other any unused bonus shall be removed.

Betbright casino

Not enough words to express th sorrow i feel for your family. Hai explains that because the current pandemic is still happening there is too much uncertainty to draw any comparisons right now. Mhc6sv very informative blog post.

Sky vegas best rtp

Marijuana oil has currently marked a brand-new age in which man ceased to fear what is unknown, and started to uncover what our ancestors had currently discovered and use the significant potential, at very first glance, a little bizarre relationships, associated mainly with pathology? Volksheilmittel zur senkung des blutzuckers. When all possible drawing is complete at the end of a round, then whoever has the higher score wins.

Bandar judi roulette online

This appeared to be aimed mainly at serb paramilitary groups and the federal army. Editor2 last williams editor2 first g. Company executives said at the time that the delay was necessary to find an oil that didn't alter the taste of its fries.

Slot machine wins this week

Many consumers are discovering the enjoyment and thrills given free no download casino games. Interior department decision in march to put the casino land in trust. Guess i will just book mark this write up.

Mr vegas casino

So get involved and let's look forward to what nicole is wearing next week for the live shows. Great set of tips from the master himself? Read common sense media's coolmath review, age rating, and parents guide! This method makes sure that all you load coordinates with everything else different, therefore you will in no way have difficulties discovering anything to wear on the vacation.

Pokerstars allin cashout

An experienced seo professional knows how the way major search engines like google, evaluate webpages has changed through these years. Bowie md dematha 23 ben hansbrough 6 3 206 g sr? Local chapters work under the regional umbrella. Also on the list is our 20th annual holiday celebration, in connection with our nov.

Roulette promotions

Investment tax credits are accounted for by the cost reduction method, whereby the amounts of tax credits are applied as a reduction of the cost of the deferred development costs. You realize, lots of people are shopping circular with this facts, you could potentially support all of them tremendously. Subscribe to prime industry blogs and be alert. Insurance is just a way for the player to protect his hand of when the dealer potentially has blackjack.

High limit slots vegas

When i confronted him he told me you are going to believe her instead of me! Play the low-odds pick-5 lottery games which are the easiest lottery games to defeat. We uncover that the location is neatly organized with a slider taking almost half of the area in path of the proper.

Ocean casino players card

For those interested in the world of aviation, embry-riddle aeronautical university worldwide in daytona beach, florida offers a mba in aviation. This post is very interesting, also visit our post. Hara y, nakane a, tohara h, kubota k, nakagawa k, hara k, yamaguchi k, yoshimi k, minakuchi s. The last several launches have used four strap-on boosters of liquid fuel.

Online casino caribbean stud poker

The bookmaker also quite often holds other unique promotions! Member discussion methodology options for identifying emerging technologies. I came into this thread expecting to read about a subreddit about to. As far as swimming in a warm spring or pool surrounded by snow, they offer that in finland and in other nordic countries.

Roulette wheel near me

Classified repairs, restorations call 673-1873! You may also acquire a few new toys and games to seize his consideration. S p e e c h a s l a n g u a g e.

Royal palace no deposit bonus codes

Friends, there is absolutely looking for unused psn codes,. Pearson shares also got a boost as attention focused on the publishing sector, following speculation that reed international plc could become the target of a takeover bid. Whilst every effort is made to ensure the accuracy of the brochure at the time of printing, regrettably errors may occasionally occur and information may have changed since printing. Have your partner get rid of their range in the normal water any time you capture a sea food, and do the same for them, should you be out sport fishing by using a good friend.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50
Economics History The Web and Technology

The only sustainable business advantage

On September 5, 1882, the Knights of Labor celebrated the first Labor Day in New York City’s Union Square.

The Knights of Labor

The Knights were an unusual organization for their day, eschewing radicalism and enrolling all segments of labor :

  • from skilled to unskilled workers;
  • from managers to sharecroppers; and
  • including recent immigrants, African Americans, and women.

They only excluded “ the unproductive members of society “: bankers, gamblers, lawyers, and liquor manufacturers.

They did not divide management and labor, as later movements did. The Knights deemed the true threat to a well-functioning business to be those that did not value their employees as human beings, the unscrupulous robber barons. They demanded that businesses allow employees their rightful voice at the decision-making table. (As well as for the government to prohibit exploitative and unsafe work conditions and child labor.)

The Knights kept their member list secret to prevent retaliation from the robber barons. For years, the robber barons used every economic and judicial tool to silence the voices of the employees. Within a decade, paramilitary action decimated the Knights of Labor in the aftermath of the Haymarket Affair and the Thibodaux massacre .

As other groups rose up to fill the void, they separated skilled and unskilled workers, management and factory workers. The hard-won rights that were finally enacted into law reflected this splintering. They protected factory-type workers, who represented only one side of the Knights of Labor coalition and excluded groups ranging from sharecroppers to managers.

The destructive short-term mentality of private equity

Today, technical innovation has made these protections obsolete. Everyone is a manager – of contractors and technology. Automation has enabled machines to take on some tasks, from automated teller machines to machine translation. The gig economy has allowed owners to rent out idle resources (their time, language expertise, cars and homes). Every service business is now a tech-enabled service business.

Venture capital firms, using the Giant Pool of Money at the center of the world economy, drove this disruptive, but value-creating innovation. But there is a darker side. Venture capital is only a small portion of the $100 trillion shadow banking system . This shadow system employs thousands to wring profits from this Giant Pool of Money rather than to create value. Endemic corruption (legal and illegal) ensures that this shadow system works hand in hand with the more regulated banking system.

As President Obama said, when the “priority is to maximize profits – that’s not always going to be good for businesses or communities or workers.” This corruption works by maximizing short-term, inflated profits at the expense of long-term profit derived from actual value. And it ensures that there are no losers among the banks and consulting agencies and lawyers. The only losers are among the businesses, communities, and employees who are in it for the long-term.

The key insight came to me when a friend working in finance told me that I kept thinking like an operator, rather than someone in finance. What he meant was that an operator tries to build a business – with products, processes, teams – that creates value and that sustains it.

But for someone in finance their profit is derived not from value created over time, but from proximity to an immediately profitable deal. To the wrong type of financier, people and customer loyalty are expendable things to be used and then discarded in return for a quick profit. (Footnote 1.)

The destructive cycle is inevitable :

Once the buyout is completed, the private equity guys start swinging the meat axe, aggressively cutting costs wherever they can – so that the company can start paying off its new debt – by laying off workers and cutting capital costs…

It takes several years before the impacts of this predatory activity – reduced customer service, inferior products – become fully apparent, but by that time the private equity firm has generally resold the business at a profit and moved on.

I’ve seen this play out in news stories. The leader in my own industry went through a dramatic restruring as it prepared to sell itself to private equity:

  • pushing out many of it’s top innovators and the leaders who built the company’s value and brand; and
  • outsourcing it’s production centers to lower cost centers as it cut costs.

This is the absolute opposite of the Value Investing that Warren Buffett advocates. It’s bad for the economy. It’s bad for most people. But it sure makes a killing for a handful of companies in the short-term.

The only sustainable competitive advantage

Last September in San Francisco, the co-CEO of my company told a group of clients:

In my 24 years as CEO, I have learned one big thing. All competitive advantages – price, quality, even technology – are commoditized over a long-enough time horizon. They only way to have a sustainable competitive advantage is people.

That is the type of company I want to work for; and today, it is the company I am proud to work for. I’m proud of the products my team has created , and the successes, both for clients and internally. I’m proud of the team for coming together again and again in the midst of adversity and distraction.

But our economy is filled with vultures; and it’s hard to turn down a quick profit, no matter the pangs of conscience. With barbarians at the gate, what are we to do? The Hollywood ending calls for Richard Gere to realize that he no longer wants to rip companies apart for short-term profits. Instead, he wants to help them build a better boats.

But in reality, greed outstrips morality most days of the week. But for this one day, in honor of Labor Day:

  • we should all reflect on the company we work for;
  • we should reflect on our position and the value we offer;
  • we should look at whether we have a voice at the decision-making table today and in the future; and
  • we should think about the type of society we want to live in, and whether our actions today are helping to create that society.

For if we don’t, we are destined to be mere cogs in a machine, waiting to be outsourced.


[Political posts have been…let’s say rarer from me. My professional page is now at ]

Footnote 1: A cartoon villain of an attorney once told me and a group of employees that private equity firms “could staff [the company I work for] in a week with people of…equal, if not superior talents.”

Barack Obama Election 2012 Humor Romney The Opinionsphere Videos

Romney Flip Flips Again, Chooses Biden as VP

[reddit-me]As Bill Clinton said at the 2008 convention, “I love Joe Biden.”

All night, Biden hammered Ryan with his words and gestures and Ryan stuck to his talking points. While Obama seemed withdrawn in the face of Romney’s dazzling, primetime flip-flop to the center, Biden was prepared for Ryan to do the same and instead of retreating in incredulousness as this right-wing duo feigned outrage at their longstanding positions being accurately described, Biden took turns chuckling and looking aghast.

After that performance, I’m just waiting for Mitt’s next opportunistic flip flop as he announces his new VP pick, Joe Biden.

Gay Rights Politics

Not All Church Signs Are Stupid

The progressive church down the block on me that I pass on my way home from work that made headlines for using their sign to take on Glenn Beck also apparently supports gay rights :


I always think of this church’s signs as a rejoinder to those idiotic ones that usually make the rounds through email, reddit, and elsewhere.

Not all religious people are idiots.

Of course: line dancing? Really?

[Image hastily snapped with my Droid walking home.]

Barack Obama National Security The Bush Legacy The Opinionsphere The War on Terrorism

The Winklevoss Twins of Getting Bin Laden

Why are we listening to the Bush administration officials anyway? They didn’t get Bin Laden. They’re like the Winklevoss Twins of getting Bin Laden. If you were the guys who were going to kill Bin Laden, you would have killed Bin Laden!

Jon Stewart on last night’s Daily Show.

[reddit-me]When Bin Laden was killed, many of my more right-wing friends were oddly silent. Rather than the relief I and so many others felt, they seemed discomfited — not by the tactics or legality or potential consequences of the action, but by a cognitive dissonance as they tried to reconcile their visceral dislike of Obama as anti-American and perhaps even sympathetic to terrorists and their approval of his actions. Then Rush Limbaugh gave them the defense mechanism they needed — and suddenly it became glaringly obvious to them that Obama was taking too much credit for the operation, that he had used first person pronouns way too much in the speech. (Though the words of the speech don’t bear that out.)

But worse than Limbaugh’s attempts to insulate his audience from that uncomfortable feeling of challenging their preconceptions about Obama are the former Bush administration officials’ attempts to take credit for themselves, using this triumph of American military force and intelligence to justify their subversion of both.

As outrageous as it sound, the contemporaneous record reflects that the Bush administration prioritized Saddam over Bin Laden shortly after 9/11 and was unwilling to provide the boots on the ground or even drones urgently requested by the CIA and Special Forces tracking Bin Laden in the aftermath. The Bush administration was unwilling to provide the Pakistani army the air transport they claimed they needed to move troops to the border to secure it even as the Bush administration relieved relied upon and trusted the Pakistani army to secure their wild and lawless border to cut off Bin Laden’s escape. Worse still, the “intelligence” provided by illegal, tortured confessions in contradiction of America’s long military and intelligence history were used to justify the Bush administration’s belief that Saddam and Bin Laden were working together on a WMD attack on America — and later, this same intelligence sources under torture, provided the basis for shutting down the team focused on finding Bin Laden , as they pretended he was a mere figurehead. (A logical bit of information to make up if you wanted an interrogation to end and you couldn’t give them the actionable intelligence to find Bin Laden they wanted.) It was this last bit of intelligence which the former Bush administration officials claim credit for being used to find Bin Laden :

Al-Libbi told interrogators that the courier would carry messages from bin Laden to the outside world only every two months or so. “I realized that bin Laden was not really running his organization. You can’t run an organization and have a courier who makes the rounds every two months,” Rodriguez says. “So I became convinced then that this was a person who was just a figurehead and was not calling the shots, the tactical shots, of the organization. So that was significant.”

And later that same year, the CIA shut down its dedicated hunt for OBL.

Obama, upon taking office, did not do anything incredible. What he did do was to apply some common sense that the panic-stricken and Iraq-obsessed Bush administration had missed — he re-focused the national security apparatus on destroying Al Qaeda and Bin Laden. That’s why drone attacks began to increase when he became president. That’s part of the reason why he surged troops into Afghanistan. That’s why — as a candidate — Obama promised that he would go into Pakistan after Bin Laden even if the Pakistanis did not sanction the operation. (This bit of common sense caused Hillary Clinton and John McCain to slam him for his position.) That’s why the Bin Laden operation was so carefully planned for , with every possible scenario gamed out — from scenarios where the Special Forces needed to fight their way out of Pakistan to teams ready to interrogate him.

There was certainly a great deal of luck involved — and if the Bush administration had been presented with the same opportunity to get Bin Laden, I’m sure they would have taken it. But surely it is not a coincidence that the administration that had higher priorities than finding Bin Laden let him slip through their fingers several times while the administration that focused the mighty resources of the United States military and intelligence apparatus on Al Qaeda and Bin Laden found the opportunity that had failed to present itself for seven long years under Bush’s leadership.

Leadership matters. It’s a little too late to take credit now.

Barack Obama Criticism National Security Politics Post 9/11 Generation The Bush Legacy The Opinionsphere The War on Terrorism

In Response To Those Disturbed By Celebrating on the Death of Bin Laden

I mourn the loss of thousands of precious lives, but I will not rejoice in the death of one, not even an enemy. Returning hate for hate multiplies hate, adding deeper darkness to a night already devoid of stars. Darkness cannot drive out darkness: only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate: only love can do that. – Martin Luther King, Jr.

I started seeing this quote popping up in my Facebook feed last night. In response, let me say 2 things:

(1) It’s fake. Martin Luther King, Jr., didn’t say that. It’s loosely based on this quote .

(2) Do you remember your first time watching The Wizard of Oz as a kid? That feeling of elation in the moments after the witch melted and the munchkins and everyone else began to sing, “Ding dong, the witch is dead!”?

Whether rational or not, the figure of Osama Bin Laden — and our inability to find him — has loomed over our consciousness since September 11. His survival despite America’s might directed against him, despite the abhorrence of his crimes, suggested impotence and an inability to control events and affect our own fate. The knowledge that not only did he survive, but he continued to plan to kill and terrorize — that at any moment, some decision of his which we had no way of affecting could wreck the lives of thousands, even our own — loomed over us. But on May 1, 2011, order was restored and the villain taken down. And that is a catharsis worthy of storybooks. [reddit-me]

Voices urging restraint and caution at such moments of national catharsis are good and worthy. Because moments of catharsis can be distorted — they can turn to ugly emotions. Wisdom counsels that we “Rejoice not when thine enemy falleth, and let not thine heart be glad when he is overthrown.”  It is unseemly to celebrate murder — and all too easy to demonize one’s enemies to justify resorting to violence. But as another wise man said,  “ A foolish consistency is the hobgoblin of little minds .”

And it was Martin Luther King who said, “the arc of history is long but it bends towards justice” — and even as this prophet of non-violence may not have condoned it — in Bin Laden’s violent end by American hands, there was justice.

An evil man who claimed theological justification and technological means to murder millions; who inspired, authorized and directed the killing of thousands; who wanted women confined to a second-class status; who directed the killings of the vast majority of Muslims as unclean unbelievers — an evil man who murdered 3,000 souls on one fateful September morning — this Sunday, he was removed from this world.

And the world is better for it.

And for that, we should all celebrate.

[Image by Dan Nguyen @ New York City licensed under Creative Commons.]

Criticism Domestic issues Immigration Politics Videos

Bloomberg: How To Use Immigration Policy to Save Detroit

[reddit-me]Three thoughts regarding this suggestion by Mayor Bloomberg on Meet the Press yesterday morning:

1) This is exactly the sort of sensible, pragmatic suggestion that Bloomberg is known for — that is business-focused but would never get through any Democratic or Republican legislature because of the anti-immigrant backlash.  But it’s a good idea — and one grounded in the American tradition — as Matt Yglesias explained a year ago — similar to the homesteading policies that the U.S. used to encourage settlers to move West. Which leads me to my next point.

2) When I heard Bloomberg say this, I thought: “Aha! I wonder if he reads Matt Yglesias too!” Probably a silly thought — as Bloomberg spends his days focused on urban policy. But when I first heard Bloomberg say it, I had thought this was one of Yglesias’s many excellent ideas — but as I read his original post , it was instead one of the many interesting ideas that Yglesias brings to his audience from other sources.

3) Bloomberg’s approach to government is so successful because it is pragmatic and businesslike. But this comment also reveals what he misses. He uses the rather obnoxious line that any business run as the government is would fail. Of course! That’s part of why we have a government — to perform tasks that aren’t profitable but are still necessary. Bloomberg explains how politicians fail to act like businessmen by focusing on “issues they can’t come together on.” For a company, it makes a lot of sense to steer your company away from any matter on which their isn’t agreement. But politics is precisely where these ideas are hashed out. Of course, the tendency of some purists to insist on halting all action until the other side gives in needs to be balanced with the pragmatism that all successful businessmen and politicians have in common.

Criticism Domestic issues Libertarianism Political Philosophy The Opinionsphere The Web and Technology

AT&T Is Asking Us To Trust Them

[reddit-me]Earlier this week, I noticed a bit of traffic hitting an old post of mine about AT&T’s unlikely sponsorship of libertarian ideologues as they attempt to stop net neutrality. (Unlikely given their history of constantly pleading for government intervention in their favor.) I followed the source to the AT&T’s forum but could find no link leading back to my rather critical post about AT&T.

So, today, I decided to check on what had happened. I didn’t see any easy way to contact the people posting or the moderators, so I posted myself asking if anyone knew what had happened . Tifa_Shines “answered” my question by censoring my link as “spam.”

Her message to me justifying her censorship said :

Links to material that contains political discussion and/or promotion of third party websites are violating the guidelines and will be removed.

And further that it is “inappropriate” and “unacceptable” to:

discuss[…] participant bans or other Moderator actions

I replied thanking her for “answering” my question — and that post was subsequently deleted. In my 5 minutes as a member of AT&T’s Community Forum, I discovered at least 2 rules:

  • Thou shalt not discuss the political activities AT&T engages in rather than providing decent service.
  • Thou shalt not discuss when AT&T censors you so as better to maintain the fiction of a ‘Community’ Forum.

Knowing that links AT&T, for whatever their reason, did not approve of were labeled “not relevant” and “spam,” I went back to the original page that was the source of traffic and found the offending, censored post — attempting to put AT&T’s bandwidth caps in the context of it’s efforts to fight net neutrality and their history of attacking every innovation from the Hush-A-Phone to the internet in their quest to create “the perfect system” without being distracted by that terrible thing called competition, and coincidentally, extracting the maximum profit from their customers.

In the scheme of things, the injustice of this censorship is rather small. AT&T is a private company and they can do whatever they want in a private forum that they run. Even the Westboro Baptist Church has rights.

But AT&T, by opposing net neutrality, is asking that we as a people trust them to not censor the internet.

They are asking for permission to change the structure of the internet by violating one of it’s foundational principles — net neutrality. (A principle that AT&T coincidentally opposed when government scientists were attempting to create the internet in the 1950s.)

They are asking that we trust them to not make websites that disagree with them slower and making those they approve of faster.

They are asking that we trust them as an ISP to provide access to content that criticizes them.

They are asking that we trust them not to quash the next disruptive technology that will use the internet in ways we haven’t yet thought of or that will be even better than the internet.

Their sordid history of pleading for special favors from the government to destroy any opponent or innovator (as detailed in many places, but most memorably and recently, in Tim Wu’s The Master Switch ) — and their attempts to strangle the internet before it even existed — gives us little reason to trust them.

Their bankrolling of former libertarian economists and thinkers such as Adam D. Thierer (who before they sold out were vicious critics of AT&T) to lie about net neutrality gives us little reason to trust them.

AT&T’s attempts to game the political system with a “slush fund” sponsoring what former VP and Director of Communications, Dick Martin, called “so-called ‘grassroots’ organizations all over the place, astroturfing the countryside” give us little reason to trust them.

That various people AT&T has sponsored (including Grover Norquist) have now joined up with right wing religious fanatics to oppose net neutrality on the grounds that it will prevent the censorship of “obscenity and other objectionable content,” is yet another reason not to trust AT&T.

To summarize, AT&T is making the argument that they should be trusted as a steward of the internet and that the government should not allowed to protect one of the foundational principles of the internet that has made it a libertarian utopia of competition and free markets in the name of…libertarianism. Yet it’s history and current incarnation betray a culture of censorship and anti-competitive behavior that extends down to an Orwellian policing of it’s ‘Community’ Forum — labeling links it disagrees with as “Spam” and forbidding any discussion of it’s own censorship.

If it succeeds in overturning net neutrality, how much longer will it be before any website criticizing them is labeled as spam — just as a link to my blogpost criticizing them was? And how long before any attempt to discuss such labeling will be forbidden as against the user agreement you accept by getting your internet through AT&T?

Mad? Want to do something? Take a moment and email your Congressperson today to tell them how important net neutrality is to you .

Criticism Domestic issues Economics Law Libertarianism Political Philosophy Politics The Web and Technology

Capitalism in Practice

[reddit-me]I’ve started Tim Wu’s The Master Switch , a history of information industries in America; and having read Ayn Rand’s fictional Atlas Shrugged earlier this year — I wonder what Rand would make of this history of industrial warfare.

One of the motifs of Wu’s history is a theme of Rand’s novel — the extreme lengths the rich and powerful will go to in order to quash a disruptive technology. In the novel, it was Rearden steel — a metal stronger, cheaper, and better in every way than ordinary steel; in Wu’s history, it is every technological innovation from the phone to FM radio to television to the internet. In both history and the novel, the established industry used corrupt scientific experts, intimidation of suppliers, government regulation, and the blocking of financing to prevent the disruptive technology from taking off.

Rand’s novel though divides the everyone into two categories: the productive who are proud, competitive, inventive individuals who make everything of worth; and the looters who are unproductive and seek to leach off of the productive using the government, religion, and pity.

Wu’s history reveals a rather different story. There is no figure in history to match the strong, creative, independent, self-made industrial magnate Dagny Taggart. There are few who resemble her brother, the weak, dependent, self-loathing James Taggart who adds nothing of worth to the business except to plead with the government to stop his competitors because their superiority is unfair ,

Only rarely do the inventors become rich. More often, they are outmaneuvered by corporate titans who use every means at their disposal to win. When Edwin Armstrong invented FM radio in 1934, he had pioneered a technology that allowed for better sound quality and that could fit more stations in the same radio spectrum with less interference. David Sarnoff, a major figure in the AM radio industry, was able to prevent FM radio from gaining wide acceptance until the 1970s through a combination of public propaganda, lobbying to change obscure rules relating to radio spectrum usage, and control over the manufacturing of radio players. David Sarnoff managed a vast business empire; he was at the cutting edge of innovations in radio and television. He won not because he was weak and unproductive (as Rand’s villains are) — but because he was ruthless.

Rand’s many fans aren’t typically the creative inventors. They are the very businessmen who see moral justification for their wealth in her philosophy. But they, like the businessmen in Wu’s history, are distinguished not for their purity of motive or love of competition, but their willingness to use any means at their disposal to achieve the corporate empire they seek. Unlike the fictional heroes of Rand’s novel, they do not seek competition. They seek a final victory and end to the competition.

In the theories of Rand and many of her acolytes, capitalism is about competition. In practice, capitalism has about brute strength and force used in restraint of competition.

[Image by Ron Schott licensed under Creative Commons.]

Barack Obama Domestic issues Fiscal Crisis Politics The Opinionsphere

Paul Ryan’s America

[reddit-me]Paul Ryan launched an attack on Barack Obama’s deficit speech last week — calling it “ excessively partisan .”

Which is interesting considering his own approach to the budget deficit which he called “an existential threat to all we hold dear”: Balance the budget without offending a single Republican.

Over a year ago, I described the conundrum Republicans faced as the deficit they were fuming against was largely a result of policies that benefited their own constituencies . Those over 55 who were the only demographic group to vote Republican (even in the Democratic wave years of 2006 and 2008) benefited the most from the trillion dollars spend on Medicare and Social Security. Our military spending nearly matched the rest of the world’s combined — and if you include other national security spending — totaling another trillion. And then there were the various tax incentives and loopholes for big corporations adding up to another few hundred billion dollars. Further, Republicans were committed to not raising taxes on anyone — especially the richest.

Paul Ryan was faced with the unenviable task of squaring this circle. In an effort that nearly everyone described as “serious,” Ryan managed to put forth a plan with no prospect of passing at all — and one that managed to place the entire burden of balancing the budget on the backs of Democratic constituencies . The military was left alone. The base of the Republican party and driver of most of the debt — the elderly — was left alone. Corporations were rewarded with a lower tax rate with some vague talk of eliminating their enormous tax subsidies.

Though Ryan kept saying the pain of balancing the budget would be shared by everyone — his plan was really about cutting off support for those left behind in our society. The rich and elderly were rewarded — even as they accumulate more and more of the nation’s wealth; the middle class were mainly left alone; and the young and the poor were cut off.

That doesn’t sound like the path to a dynamic and prosperous society to me.

Paul Ryan’s future is one where my generation must be prepared to support our parents as they become the test subjects in the biggest social experiment in history: As Medicare becomes a voucher program growing at much lower than the rate of health care inflation, in the hopes that this will slow it down. Meanwhile, my generation must be saving more than any generation in history as we prepare to pay for our own medical costs.

Ryan’s plan is many things:  If taken seriously, it is an attack on all non-Republican constituencies. If implemented, it would be a grand ideological experiment that barely considers the lives of those it would affect which Republicans would normally call “social engineering.”

But most of all, the Ryan plan is (as Slate ‘s John Dickerson said in Friday’s Political Gabfest ), a “bold negotiating position.”

[Photo courtesy of Gage Skidmore licensed under Creative Commons.]