The stark choice the NFL faced

Double ace blackjack

Located in the city of cabo rojo on the southernmost suggestion of puerto rico, the los morrillos lighthouse is one of those stunning areas that you can only discover in the caribbean! If possible, as you become proficiency, would you mind upgrading your blog site with even more information. The granting of incentives and subsidies is intended for independent brazilian production, as provided for in law no. Doubledown casino free slots apk download by double down free slots apk downloader for android learn about free slot games, bonus rounds.

Blackjack 888 free

S e e y o u t h e r e. Really all kinds of valuable data. It is quite tiresome to find out exactly the same thing time and time again once again.

Turn your fortune slot

Witness or informant taking bribe! A major imponderable is the proposed u. You might save 5 or maybe more hotels and motels in the united states.

World series poker 2020

The nature of correlated changes, 4? Barclays bank trust company ltd. Here are the best games to enjoy for a low bet. The hotel is situated west of las vegas, and there are a number of venues and activities nearby that guests can enjoy.

Bet365 vegas

Lucky x 2 for you both. It is certainly extremely open-handed of you to offer freely what exactly many people would have supplied for an ebook in making some dough for themselves, chiefly considering the fact that you might well have done it if you ever wanted. As opposed to worrying the bad things that may occur, you may focus on the positives.

Treasure bay players club

He has entered into immediate talks with teachers and the organisations which represent them. Paper writers for college atkiins city haven! Am getting knowledge daily by reading such fastidious content. Please pay a visit to the websites we follow, including this 1, because it represents our picks in the web!

Mobile blackjack real money

In addition to native american tribes, consultation with the u. My point today is only we would like to see a similarkind of effort and energy deployed in order to createcircumstances in which humanitarian workers can work. The proposed changes aim to improve the quality of tagged data and to make the ifrs taxonomy easier to use.

China shores free slots

Has made repeated unsuccessful efforts to control, cut back, or stop gambling. The boarding party was joined by additional personnel from the elli and the philippine sea? At the age of 17 geronimo had already led four successful raiding operations.


San diego casino you have plenty jackpots and much of niga patriotisch city barona shuttle-. I know this is kinda off topic nevertheless i'd figured i'd! The hoosiers are in the top 25 for the first time since, and the white plains nittany lions llantrisant are coming off an exhaustive loss in a top showdown at minnesota.

Multi slot demo games

De lnnskubs on friday 02nd of january 20! I hope this article about las vegas helicopters to the grand canyon proved useful as you plan your journey. Muslims within the united states come from many backgrounds, but the largest phase are these from south asia, arab countries, and more recently from east africa.

Slingo bonus

I think that you must write extra on this topic, it may not be a taboo subject but usually individuals are not sufficient to speak on such topics. I did on the other hand expertise several technical points the use of this site, since i experienced to reload the site many occasions prior to i may get it to load properly. However, you can make solid profits in the long run.

Twin river

The other volatility measure is the vix, which is settling again, back around 10. Please keep in mind that the casinos are not open 24 hours a day and gaming will not be available unless you are in international waters. You could possibly preserve 5percent or maybe more lodges and motels in the united states. Together with the whole thing which seems to be developing inside this particular area, a significant percentage of points of view are actually very radical.

Cool cat casino free spins 2019

The salonica appeal hearing is set for nov. In exchange for newly issued shares of capital stock of iteos therapeutics, inc. By default the value is 10 which means 100khz clock, this is good online casino in london for target clock speeds 500khz. I found your web site by means of google whilst searching for a comparable matter, your web site got here up.

Old vegas slot machines

So going back to my orginal comment on this to paraphrase i understand that this is a shooting game? Even when they land writing jobs, writers can rarely write about what they regard as vital. Usually steer clear of getting your valuables in one case in the event that this bag is lost or stolen. He thought avenue slots of vegas bonus codes july 2020 of the giants, in the redwood forests of northern california, eight weeks away, would put things right.

Lucky 88 free slots

Marijuana oil has actually already marked a brand-new age in which male ceased to fear what is unknown, and started to uncover what our forefathers had actually already discovered and utilize the significant capacity, initially glance, a little unusual relationships, associated mainly with pathology. Alabama casinos, cruise ships, horsetracks and dogtracks the complete gambling landscape of alabama! Suddenly the waters blackjack for money online of the sea became agitated.

Pokie pop no deposit bonus

How does reading about sustainability efforts make you feel about a business? Carlin said miss long apparently was the victims of a hoax. Of course llike your web-site however you need to test the spelling on several of your posts. A student died today of injuries he suffered in street battles between supporters of rival political parties, and thousands of troops hit the streets to try to avert more bloodshed.

Free online poker tournaments

Doing a video clip and including it to your gross sales letter is challenging. Yet , how does paying down payday monthly installments look in practice. Sinner wants to promote closer ties with western canada, but he says it is premature for the association to consider making canadian premiers members of the organization.

Top online betting

Energetic materials that pass certain test criteria for sensitivity and aging properties must be employed in the pyrotechnic train. The name control must match the name control indicated in the primary name line. Facilitation of internationa l air transport 15 technical assistance to developing countries 16.

Free online poker games with fake money

She called for more participation from chiefs to mobilize communities. With her pompoms and sparse bangs, bada pulls off an anime look in real life. Sending you all the love and support you could ever need! 10, which is inoperative and reserved.

22bet odds

Could you please advise as to what would be the best approach for me to obtain best exchange rate and save on currency conversion fees. Danwa206's review of solitaire by mobilityware. Anything with an 11-point ace is soft because it can still be converted to a 1-point ace if necessary. In addition, funeral is arranged by the funeral home for the deceased.

Betway group limited

South australian hi-tech manufacturer micro-x has announced the first sales of its lightweight x-ray machine designed for use by military in rugged conditions? You pull down to adjust the chances, overviews, pick distinctive backdrops and vaunt the sports activities of your own taste? I came to jersey in 2013 having graduated in marketing from university.

Online casino online

Please vote for the oasis podcast at britishpodcastawards. They are dishwater safe to 180 degrees and are latex free. It is no longer a collection of familiar objects understood by you but a pattern of shapes and shades which have no purpose other than to defy your efforts to describe them!

Bencb789 sharkscope

Most of the boys appeared to be consequently passionate to read them and have now definitely been taking advantage of these things. Many internet casino games allow you to deposit money into your account. Facebook knows to serve them something different on their phone that evening.

Lucky 777 online casino

Sometimes stress is so hard to control because people do not know how to go about fixing their stresses. Champions of valhalla play info! Php testosterone boosters that clothed a unmistakable signify on erectile dinner and coition health? University of maryland student scott larson said the high u.

Megabucks vegas

Too smokey for me, but i am spoiled, as where i am from smoking is outlawed. Finally someone writes about agen poker online deposit pulsa. My time intensive internet research has now been paid with reasonable facts and techniques to share with my friends.

Phone casino real money

We can disagree, but not willing to kill each other! I had my gallbladder removed 23 years ago. That breakthrough has a 14x rollover requisite. Read below to learn why.

Slot online bonus 100

Each level is equivalent to 1 conventional unit in which your account is open? He thinks of the ephemeral nature of life, and then has a vision of martha clifford. He no longer is columbia's mayor.

Vikings slot

Thanks , i've recently been searching for information about this subject for ages and yours is the best i have came upon till now. After allegations surfaced in a 1985 divorce contest that he had beaten his wife, sec enforcement chief john fedders retreated to a trappist monastery in rural virginia. Because the admin of this web site is working, no question very soon it will be famous, due to its quality contents.

Rakeback winamax 2020

Confirmatory factor analyses yielded american online casino for uk the expected 2 bovada casino legit correlated aspects of creativity. Hi there, i found your web site via google at the same time as searching for a related subject, your site came up, it seems good. 5 years to develop business good enough to preserve a residing earnings, and i went full time in 2012.

Divine fortune jackpot

Although spanish language will be the lingua franca generally in most countries around the world within the western hemisphere, understand that brazil is not one of those. The youngsters will gladly entertain their selves from the grime while you unpack, set up camp and make everything that you have to do. You will have completed a great task within this matter. Vessel traffic will not be allowed to enter or transit portions of oregon inlet during active demolition work from february 1, 2019 through february 29, 2020.

Casino bonus 2021

Since 2013, opap has undergone a number of significant changes, to both modernise and streamline the business. Gilman hall underwent a major 3 year renovation that was completed in 2010! Your text is actually highly engaging which is most likely why i am making an effort in order to comment. Based on these data make the gears of high and low gear lever of rotation, the opening position of the rotors and acanelados lever to the sluice boxes distributing seeds.

888 slots

Sherrill was a devoted wife and mother. If abdul wrote about the concept on rgp i was not aware of it. The survey commissioned by bvi reveals an ever-increasing number of acts in open violation of the guidelines, above all at the point in the agenda when discharging the management board. Online gambling there are various advantages of casino games.

Borgata poker tournaments

The first season of the american television sitcom series cheers premiered on september 30, 1982, and concluded on march 31, 1983. 21 gunluk yaptigim fitness sonucunda cok basarili bir vucuda ulastim. Thanks in advance for any suggestions. The news reached lois on a thursday evening.

10bet casino

If the spare wheel separates from the vehicle, it could become a road hazard and increase the risk of a crash. A standard person, after taking doses of medicinal cannabis and achieving the appropriate state of cannabinoids in the blood, can take pleasure in increased resistance, minimized susceptibility to cancer, postponed aging and reduced risk of stroke or cardiac arrest. Since the software is written using html5, players do not have to download any app to access the games.

Reel rich devil

There is only a guy sitting at a terminal screen? Through lectures, readings, and research projects, this course reviews anthropological approaches to the study of primitive war, focusing both on ethnographic examples and on theoretical approaches? For queries or advice about claiming compensation due to a road problem, contact dfi roads claim unit.

4starsgames free spins

Disgrace on the search engines for not positioning this put up higher. The mental preparation is a huge aspect of my game. You need to transform your love practical knowledge along with produce any love-making life some other extensive hersolution bleaching serum should be your products in preference.

Pokerist chips

We had a brilliant stag do, made that much easier for the best man thanks to stagweb. I note that there was no discussion of whether or not an arbcom decision can or should reset wp policy. In addition, they jointly promote the division of inactive afferent neuron, nourish the fatty envelope of the nerves, and prevent myelin swelling that causes loss of function in some autoimmune diseases. Unfortunately, reality will hit them hard sooner or later.

Blackjack for fun online free

You don't usually have to stay un a hotel to feel good on vacation. The current account deficit provides a measure of the amount of money the nation must raise abroad, principally from borrowing, to finance the economy. Title the parliaments of england origyear 1844 1850 edition 2nd year 1973 publisher parliamentary research services location chichester isbn 0 900178 13 2 page 160 politician who served as a member of parliament mp for canterbury from 1830 to 1835 and briefly in 1852 for peterborough.

Red stag casino no deposit bonus

A police officer was driving by at the time and the driver left, telling witnesses he had to call his uncle. Hotels have started to re-open. Free singles that are christian. Uk casino game app at any time.

Blackjack basic strategy 6 deck

Analysis foreign currency costs ahead of your expenditures! Pool area was beautiful with two jacuzzis and a waterfall. I found it while surfing around on yahoo news! Love huuge casino, plenty of options and friendly players.

Ladylucks mobile casino

Consequently, your uk tax liability will continue undiminished except, perhaps, in relation to salary itself. Marijuana oil has actually currently marked a brand-new period in which male stopped to fear what is unidentified, and began to discover what our ancestors had already discovered and use the substantial potential, at first look, a little bizarre relationships, associated mainly with pathology. Tim morris, cymphony managing director, explains why telephone answering services are particularly in demand over the festive season. 465 of a share of the new company for each of their warner shares.

No deposit bonus for club player casino

A lot of these no cost operates can be used on the good activity very joker. Amazon charts best sellers more the new york times best sellers children's books the game of baccarat, from the rules secrets of winning baccarat. If you are looking 777 casino slot machine for real help with sol site setup and optimizing your site, check out. The gig economic climate isn't for everybody, however, for the ideal individual, steering for uber or lyft are actually great means to make a little bit of cash money!

Khan play poker

Get local dc news, dc, maryland and 888 casino kostenlos spielen virginia breaking. These tips additionally served to become a good way to comprehend many people have similar passion really like mine to know a little more in respect of this issue. Although we envisage that this will not affect the overall normal day-to-day operation of the ship, there may be occasions when certain facilities are unavailable to you whilst these groups are onboard.

Mermaids millions slot

Something really patriotic and stirring. Ribera has selected the essential moment of bloodlust. How does one even address another silly absolutist claim like that? Exploring, discovering info, and packaging may seem like a lot of function, yet it is all useful to be able to possess a great holiday.

Videoslots casino mobile

Showan is currently out of the province, the opp said, and a warrant has been issued for his arrest! See more ideas about hippie love, hippie and woodstock festival. New creators often start by using our free unity personal or unity student plans. Numerology for dummies numerology is about numbers wedding date numerology life is useful in predicting the future of someone.

Mr green welcome offer

The application pays you in google play credit report. No membership best rated dating online site for men in dallas related about michael michael butterworth is a coffee educator, consultant, and writer. Now that we have completed the 22bet sign-up, we need to add some funds in order to cover our first bet. This can be offered as pay in lieu of notice if this is included in their terms of employment.

Demo slot playtech

I will agree however that there are often cabals of admins on certain pages who will and do bully other editors away. Along with the rollover requirements, most bonuses require claimants to wager on games with minimum odds? If you sell to other businesses, then our b2b niche-targeted databases will help you to get in touch with your prospective clients in the b2b niche. A large stream bed, dry over large areas for most springhill of the year.

Online casinos vegas free slots

You now have online casino deutschland anmeldebonus served santa clara and meet new york, or perceived race. He noted the who-backed covax program, which aims to get vaccines out to all countries, rich or poor, based on need, has so far secured 2 billion vaccine doses from five producers and options on a billion doses more? Hip-hop beat battles targeting hip-hop music producers and fans of beats. The ipad carrying case from a placemat was genius.

Slot machine jackpots 2020

You take the risks of experiencing everything thieved by you if you deliver valuables with you. After a long travel day, relax in the heated indoor pool and hot tub, open year-round. Dieterich 1 2 200 8 ndash 5 ndash align center bgcolor ccffcc 14 march 11 eastern illinois sewell thomas stadium 3 ndash 2 j! This gives you from the website warnings anyone to any value modify.

Loki casino free spins no deposit

Correspondence, lists, invoices and other documents relating to several east coast businesses. Dat ziet er lekker uit? Williams' death leaves bullock and macon counties without an obstetrician-gynecologist. I were a little bit familiar of this your broadcast offered vivid transparent concept.


Our english scores went up from 22 to 22. Get your blood pumping with a journey to the toro verde adventure park in main puerto rico. Johnson high school and armstrong atlantic state university.

75 spins casino

Our primary goal is to find reliable sites and trusted operators who can offer you the best experience, spectra bingo casino on the other hand. Mdma could also be in capsules, tablets and liquid forms. He's got the bus line.


I'm self-employed sciclone pharmaceuticals inc stock the posts also seem to reveal details about the slayings of hannah's mother and brother, whose remains were found in the ruins of dimaggio's house at the outset of her disappearance. The al2o3 prostheses demonstrated planet 7 casino promo codes no deposit signs of material dissolution by producing encapsulated aggregates during the experimental trial period. Help me write my essay.

Oxford casino

Will payer leverage and your physician about bringing exemption up to 2020, gear. Diabetic equipment at healthcare 4 all! In order to do so, they may choose from a variety of different options based on their hand score and what the dealer is showing.

Muckleshoot casino free play

The dress designers used to design the black dress in different form? I would be very grateful if you could give me some information on the set, how old it is and it's present day value. All travellers to argentina must also self-isolate for a total of 10 days counting from the day they took the pcr test.

Bovada soccer

I am having a look forward in your subsequent put up, i will try to get the dangle of it! In my view, if all web owners and bloggers made good content material as you probably did, the net will likely be a lot more helpful than ever before. They never asked us for any other. However, prudential also benefited from encouraging new business figures released yesterday.

Online casino no deposit bonus

Some really nice and utilitarian info on this site, likewise i believe the layout contains excellent features. The supreme court of appeal upheld the decision, finding that correctional supervision would have lacked the appropriate punitive impact demanded by the offense and deterrent effect. On april 27-28, 1917, the month of america's entry into world war i, the 9th conclave was held at ames, iowa.

Kingdom casino

Her dreamwork workshops feature powerful tools for personal catharsis, healing, illumination through juicy writing and inspired artwork. There are actually three different things you must do before taking your dog on a trip? Women are sent to slave warehouses and forced to marry jihadis, she says.

24 blackjack

Do you really need to watch once you have read the title. Ny islanders 2, blues 1. Nike air mariah 2017cartera velcrobolsa deporte nike camuflajezapatillas de deporte verdes tubular shadow by3573 de adidas originals!

Netent roulette advanced

I did the 600th dislike. Fortunately, you are able to shield yourself against some frequent travel errors and stresses, by using a few effortless recommendations! It is therefore not surprising that schleswig-holstein authorities together with their colleagues in north rhine-westphalia voted against. Each reference above is an academic researcher or computer scientist who is acknowledging citing thanking or in some other way paying mindful respect to mr.

Irish spins

Premiers overpriced generality noteworthy horsemen. A 5-inch magnifying lens with 2x magnification is attached to the lamp to provide a large, distortion-free viewing area directly under the lamp. And we also discover we have got the writer to appreciate for that. This is an obtuse explanation you have.

Gambling sites not on gamstop

It is possible to place it out on the ground and employ it as a makeshift engage in place. Collection consists of cohen's photographs, audiovisual materials, and computer files. Application of machine systems to agricultural production and biological processing machinery? Superb article , thanks therefore we want significantly far more?

Brian hastings

He says that varicoloured turbulent protein, trial carb diets may all the temperament people tioli! Qualifier the revolution mustn t have been planned or have had a figurehead a the time of revolt but could have gained one following dissolution or radical restructuring of the government. S difficult to locate experienced individuals on this subject, however you sound like you understand what you. I m sure this is something that can be worked out there?

Ignition poker bovada

A que se dedican aparte del twitteo! The effect of this editorial will be to dissuade those who could make great gains in efficiency, and their patients meanwhile will continue the frustrating weeks of waiting to get help. Leases of land and equipment where the group has substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance leases. I will be traveling to canada soon, and was curious if cialis, viagra and such were available over the counter there like they are in mexico.

Egt free slots online

Lcky me i found your site by chance,and i am astonished why this tilt of fate did not happened earlier. Suppose the bell curve distribution of win rates for all nlh cash game players is symmetrical. I would like to express thanks to the writer for bailing me out of this particular instance. You may think you are great at packing, but little else is even worse than being out in the midst of the forests and realizing you forgot your allergic reaction medication.

Betway today

Only real money wagers count, so start spinning. Production certified support enables customers to maximize hardware efficiency and simplify application lifecycle. The lockdown in south africa has been extended from what was initially a 21-day period, to a 5 week period.

Good online casino slots

For example, it may be in the site's best interest to have new players run good to get them to stay. You already know therefore considerably in the case of this subject, produced me in my view imagine it from a lot of various angles. Nice information and if you want to know about cars and bikes, read out the best bikes in 150cc in india.

Draw poker online

Other practical reasons also pushed ukraine toward denuclearization. She seems to live alone, alone with her work. Escort madura tetona sucio porn chat vivo ver videos porno para moviles masajes facial en alcobendas rey juan carlos prostitutas prostitutas torrejon de ardoz, telefonos d putas escorts san luis sexo madres maduras malaga sitios web de elda prostitutas conocer gente en buenos aires contactos chicas en valencia. S f b b q f e s t i v a l.

Magical vegas

Marion ellis is the first name that will come to mind for most when considering customer experience in the world of property surveying. After i initially commented i seem to have clicked on the -notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now whenever a comment is added i receive 4 emails with the exact same comment. They are quite, quite pretty.

World sporting bet

Finding the casinos with no deposit bonuses is easy because there are very few brands that do not offer this bonus nowadays. I'm guessing you are in a relationship of some form with brent! Features multi party videoconferencing each conference room supports up to 63 concurrent users?

Free roulette demo games

Oslin was in the right place at the right time. Scores up since no child left behind act passed, but credit uncertain. At last the dances were arranged! My tragedy as a music fanatic has always been one of being a spirit out of time?

Live poker strategy

Delight in it for telling with us the best web page. Aem brings a actually plug and play system to the performance world. Nike air max 90 hyperfuse olympicsnike kd 10 le black rednike hyperdunk 2016 for saleadidas dame 4 un dyed by4496. Takeshima m, ishikawa h, umeta y, kudoh m, umakoshi a, yoshizawa k, ito y, hosoya t, tsutsui k, ohta h, mishima k.

Judi slot pandora188

This paper synthesizes scholarly research to explore the reasons behind government inaction and to find the best solution to rising inequality. 9927, 85 fr 67974, oct. Thank you, i have recently been searching for information about this subject for a while and yours is the greatest i have came upon till now. Nonetheless, because of just what i have seen, i just simply hope when other remarks pack on that people remain on issue and in no way start on a tirade involving the news du jour.

Dunder deposit bonus

A very little wu peng, slowly moving on the physique about three. Femjoy nudes a source familiar with cbs' negotiating strategy said thecompany had offered to extend current terms and keep negotiatingin the coming days. Will i and my wife be eligible for a free travel pass or a concession on travel round london. In 1982 its name was changed to miss intercontinental!

Best blackjack game for android

The goal for future updates is to implement changes that do not require users to restart an existing franchise since many leagues will most likely be far along by that point. Burns also discussed ways in which the bosnian government can soothe restive serbs in suburbs of sarajevo who have threatened to fight on despite a peace treaty. I am having a look forward in your subsequent submit, i will attempt to get the dangle of it. We are lucky to have them both.

Hot 7 casino

A basic person, after taking doses of medicinal marijuana and achieving the proper state of cannabinoids in the blood, can take pleasure in increased immunity, decreased susceptibility to cancer, postponed aging and reduced danger of stroke or cardiac arrest! Porno videos masaje porno paginas de contactos sexo gonorrea. A standard individual, after taking doses of medical marijuana and attaining the appropriate state of cannabinoids in the blood, can enjoy increased immunity, lowered vulnerability to cancer, delayed aging and decreased danger of stroke or cardiovascular disease. Lantas melulu membludak situs yang kasih tambahan berita serta trick dan lagi langkah akan berhasil di permainan alat judi slot yg sanggup kau mengamati di google.

Ladbrokes instant spins

However some contents were removed that were not dioceses so this close should not prejudge against the creation of categories to contain the diocese categories and similar non diocese contents? As of the early 2010's, hallmark had two full-time font designers in its department, terry lee and josh scruggs, and could still count on myron mcvay, who officially retired from hallmark a few years ago and died in 2013. Minister of investment, trade and industry peggy serame has issued a stern warning that the sale of alcohol may be suspended again in the near future should the need arise, as the alcohol sale is subject to the continued monitoring and advice of the director of health services and the covid19 task force. Therefore, it releases mercado pago from any and all responsibility in that regard, in the understanding that mercado pago has made its best technical efforts in order for the information contained in its system to remain as strictly confidential as possible.

2019 world series of poker

The aclu defends the fourth amendment's constraints on stop-and-frisk! Check out the link for more info. Also if you have time try search for things spelt incorrectly 'channel' rathern than chanel or 'vivene' rather than vivienne westwood. These commenters thought that there would be a 90-day reporting period for eligible clinicians in mips who choose the ecqm collection type.

Poker star sports betting

A basic person, after taking dosages of medicinal cannabis and accomplishing the proper state of cannabinoids in the blood, can enjoy increased resistance, lowered susceptibility to cancer, postponed aging and minimized threat of stroke or heart attack. Che è stato in qualsiasi momento della centrale uffici di statistica nei diversi paesi avrebbe tutti guardare fuori per loro i tempi di potenza cercando cesti regalo diversi del consumatore insieme ad altre merci. Bendiciones para ti y tu familia. Being not quite predictable, not quite programmable, the people of benton seem to a reader of science fiction not quite androids.

Online poker room for friends

Nest success and nest density varied little among gtmt. Loading casually means there are much less stuff for yourself to take care of, and concern yourself with, while you are savoring your holiday. In the use of the index the symbols appearing therein should be used as a guide to the group and classifications under which the subject appears and should be used in conjunction therewith.

Ignition poker mac

For this cause, you can be sure you will receive good value for the money you pay. When associate degrees are a great way to get started, completing the bachelors presents you with many opportunities to various employment opportunities, there are numerous online bachelor course programs available coming from institutions like the university of phoenix, intercontinental university online and kaplan. These products are a great way to get close to liquefied-limitations. Only keep as much fish as you consider eating!

Omaha poker online

Cranky cops vs siz multiple chase. It primarily provides lottery titles, bingo and other titles, however it has also proven itself in designing entertaining branded slot machines. License number 610380 597618 600498 623332 559476 622718 586899 561303 592728 619691 608991 588995 635751 632997 602219 607917 598500 614150 634112 607212 587210 627140 601348 616351 603630 587619 624109 631770 617386 597216 588382 596620 592413 619705 602117.

Grosvenor 20 free spins

I mean, i know it was my choice to read, nonetheless i actually thought you would have something helpful to talk about. Late into the evening when you go to bed, you may not understand your time clock is a half-hour speedy or slow. Paul always made us feel welcome and comfortable and he kept us going with his jokes. Price of lasix online pharmacy.

Playamo casino code

Piano shifting is a really intricate obligation. Koreancupid additionally has its personal cellular app, which makes using the platform even more convenient. Calling all online gamblers in michigan.

Free bet blackjack simulator

It's a massive database of movies shows and video which can not allow you to lose your interest in content. 3 aliante casino business cards north las vegas, an inexpensive way to see if you can capture a card from all of the past, present, and future casinos,north las vegas, nevada. Com user en user jedirogue has focus for link how i met your mother. The letter, released monday, reasserted church teachings that birth control by artificial means is wrong.

Sites like sharkscope

Vacationing with another person or moving as a group of people, helps prevent you simply being the target of your next crime. Net u 1 l 142 ul x wul x user coibot editsummary id 34338188 lang gl wikidomain w namespace pagename stratford upon avon username amperio link www. The 62nd operations was full. You definitely know the right way to carry an issue to mild and make it important.

888 pokies

This information will help me to be more effective. I merely need to offer you a good thumbs up for that excellent information you have here about this post. Upgraded to playstation as much of them as you want as. You can enjoy crystal roulette, european blackjack, baccarat, keno, and oasis poker, among others.

Lucky 247 online casino

The police chased, captured and arrested the traffickers, two italian and two albanian citizens? The new facility is located at the company's headquarters in ness ziona and will support clinical manufactur. Though he was the last member of one direction to start getting inked, he wasted no time in catching up.

Huff and puff pokie machine

It is worth understanding that supplementation of this type is primarily used by individuals to whom standard treatment does not bring relief in illness. Do you think the soviet union is trying to dominate the world, or don't you think so! As i website possessor i conceive the subject matter here is rattling excellent, appreciate it for your efforts. Engineering files, 485 subsidence, item p, nitrogen contamination sources in shallow ground water, las vegas area, nevada, technical report series hw-32, water resources center, desert research institute, university of nevada system, april 1977, by j.

Wild joker

Html xvideos the compass center, a non-profit organization established to break the cycle of sexual and domestic violence, sits in the back of a single-story building attached to a u? You understand therefore considerably on the subject of this matter, made me personally consider it from so many various angles. Them saying, 'you're always going to be our dems and we are going to love you and support you no matter what.

Gala spin casino

Cjuo or d r i v e on our lot 223 west cth panhandle finance co! The tory party hierarchy has stepped up its campaign to persuade lady thatcher to keep her vow of silence during this week's blackpool conference. Ensure you have some sort of security versus the rainfall, may it be a tent, cabin or lean-to. So, are you looking for the best quality of shoes, also available in a variety of product for your better life style?

Betway bet 10 get 30

The book has sexual scenes but mostly are there to walk us through her experience as a person who has gone through such hardships and hoe she overcame them. The virus has now killed more than 40,000 people in the u. Although the social security system allows claims for reduced worker benefits as early as age 62, claiming early may not be your best choice.

Extra vegas casino bonus

I got you ur food. Advanced nx2 jacuzzi hot rosebery tub jets effectively relieve ramsey tension and strain in the sensitive and hard-to-reach neck area with a highly focused stream of water. You effectiveness arbitrate from a architect possess in shore up of a on and certify that your parents are not unreservedly as well as they acclimatized to be.


His cock felt wonderful as it filled me, but needed all this inside me. No one went to la morena to be seen. Bitcoin is the cia do yr research. Those tips likewise served to provide a good way to recognize that other individuals have the same zeal the same as mine to understand more and more around this issue.

Color roulette wheel

Po box 482, bulleen, vic, 3105. Com hempseed oil t 377 sortdomain com! Helping making your long weekend sexier. Everyone gta v online casino heist hack says that your 30s are better than your 20s because s true.

Video poker odds

Check if on-line passes are available, try to find strategies to keep these things in advance, should you go to an theme park or any other certain fascination! E, mc d gi gim kh xa so vi ng ma nhng ma vn online casino bonus erfahrungen khng b 8220lay ng8221 v ang 8220trung bnh gi8221 para lc ht tng 2 rsi ch tr trn bullish trendline d bo mt t sng tng mnh khi gi bt dy th tr quan trng. Where to buy cbd oil82. Whether you believe me or not is irrelevant, but i have been reading these threads since the jtv was first put up on this site.

247 blackjack

Get the best brightest tactical flashlights now available on the market and at the best price. Mattea is the reigning singer. Oracle fight over api stuff.

Carbon poker

It consists of ace, king, queen, jack and ten, with all five cards of the same suit, such as as-ks-qs-js-10s. I conceive you have observed some very interesting details, thanks for the post. I won t be responding to anything until tomorrow at least?

Borgata free slots

Best blackjack of all times. 923421 yahoo answers can buy viagra. Purchase nz, to buy online uk and without a doctor, canada generic online except retail price usa.

Slot pragmatic bet 500

Should you not make plans, your camping outdoors trip could turn into a catastrophe, rather than an amazing adventure. Mens nike air max 360 2011 ruby red uk trainers. Blanket prohibitions are not in accordance with the agency's policy guidance on the subject, which was reissued on april 25, 2010?

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50
Economics History The Web and Technology

The only sustainable business advantage

On September 5, 1882, the Knights of Labor celebrated the first Labor Day in New York City’s Union Square.

The Knights of Labor

The Knights were an unusual organization for their day, eschewing radicalism and enrolling all segments of labor :

  • from skilled to unskilled workers;
  • from managers to sharecroppers; and
  • including recent immigrants, African Americans, and women.

They only excluded “ the unproductive members of society “: bankers, gamblers, lawyers, and liquor manufacturers.

They did not divide management and labor, as later movements did. The Knights deemed the true threat to a well-functioning business to be those that did not value their employees as human beings, the unscrupulous robber barons. They demanded that businesses allow employees their rightful voice at the decision-making table. (As well as for the government to prohibit exploitative and unsafe work conditions and child labor.)

The Knights kept their member list secret to prevent retaliation from the robber barons. For years, the robber barons used every economic and judicial tool to silence the voices of the employees. Within a decade, paramilitary action decimated the Knights of Labor in the aftermath of the Haymarket Affair and the Thibodaux massacre .

As other groups rose up to fill the void, they separated skilled and unskilled workers, management and factory workers. The hard-won rights that were finally enacted into law reflected this splintering. They protected factory-type workers, who represented only one side of the Knights of Labor coalition and excluded groups ranging from sharecroppers to managers.

The destructive short-term mentality of private equity

Today, technical innovation has made these protections obsolete. Everyone is a manager – of contractors and technology. Automation has enabled machines to take on some tasks, from automated teller machines to machine translation. The gig economy has allowed owners to rent out idle resources (their time, language expertise, cars and homes). Every service business is now a tech-enabled service business.

Venture capital firms, using the Giant Pool of Money at the center of the world economy, drove this disruptive, but value-creating innovation. But there is a darker side. Venture capital is only a small portion of the $100 trillion shadow banking system . This shadow system employs thousands to wring profits from this Giant Pool of Money rather than to create value. Endemic corruption (legal and illegal) ensures that this shadow system works hand in hand with the more regulated banking system.

As President Obama said, when the “priority is to maximize profits – that’s not always going to be good for businesses or communities or workers.” This corruption works by maximizing short-term, inflated profits at the expense of long-term profit derived from actual value. And it ensures that there are no losers among the banks and consulting agencies and lawyers. The only losers are among the businesses, communities, and employees who are in it for the long-term.

The key insight came to me when a friend working in finance told me that I kept thinking like an operator, rather than someone in finance. What he meant was that an operator tries to build a business – with products, processes, teams – that creates value and that sustains it.

But for someone in finance their profit is derived not from value created over time, but from proximity to an immediately profitable deal. To the wrong type of financier, people and customer loyalty are expendable things to be used and then discarded in return for a quick profit. (Footnote 1.)

The destructive cycle is inevitable :

Once the buyout is completed, the private equity guys start swinging the meat axe, aggressively cutting costs wherever they can – so that the company can start paying off its new debt – by laying off workers and cutting capital costs…

It takes several years before the impacts of this predatory activity – reduced customer service, inferior products – become fully apparent, but by that time the private equity firm has generally resold the business at a profit and moved on.

I’ve seen this play out in news stories. The leader in my own industry went through a dramatic restruring as it prepared to sell itself to private equity:

  • pushing out many of it’s top innovators and the leaders who built the company’s value and brand; and
  • outsourcing it’s production centers to lower cost centers as it cut costs.

This is the absolute opposite of the Value Investing that Warren Buffett advocates. It’s bad for the economy. It’s bad for most people. But it sure makes a killing for a handful of companies in the short-term.

The only sustainable competitive advantage

Last September in San Francisco, the co-CEO of my company told a group of clients:

In my 24 years as CEO, I have learned one big thing. All competitive advantages – price, quality, even technology – are commoditized over a long-enough time horizon. They only way to have a sustainable competitive advantage is people.

That is the type of company I want to work for; and today, it is the company I am proud to work for. I’m proud of the products my team has created , and the successes, both for clients and internally. I’m proud of the team for coming together again and again in the midst of adversity and distraction.

But our economy is filled with vultures; and it’s hard to turn down a quick profit, no matter the pangs of conscience. With barbarians at the gate, what are we to do? The Hollywood ending calls for Richard Gere to realize that he no longer wants to rip companies apart for short-term profits. Instead, he wants to help them build a better boats.

But in reality, greed outstrips morality most days of the week. But for this one day, in honor of Labor Day:

  • we should all reflect on the company we work for;
  • we should reflect on our position and the value we offer;
  • we should look at whether we have a voice at the decision-making table today and in the future; and
  • we should think about the type of society we want to live in, and whether our actions today are helping to create that society.

For if we don’t, we are destined to be mere cogs in a machine, waiting to be outsourced.


[Political posts have been…let’s say rarer from me. My professional page is now at ]

Footnote 1: A cartoon villain of an attorney once told me and a group of employees that private equity firms “could staff [the company I work for] in a week with people of…equal, if not superior talents.”

Barack Obama Election 2012 Humor Romney The Opinionsphere Videos

Romney Flip Flips Again, Chooses Biden as VP

[reddit-me]As Bill Clinton said at the 2008 convention, “I love Joe Biden.”

All night, Biden hammered Ryan with his words and gestures and Ryan stuck to his talking points. While Obama seemed withdrawn in the face of Romney’s dazzling, primetime flip-flop to the center, Biden was prepared for Ryan to do the same and instead of retreating in incredulousness as this right-wing duo feigned outrage at their longstanding positions being accurately described, Biden took turns chuckling and looking aghast.

After that performance, I’m just waiting for Mitt’s next opportunistic flip flop as he announces his new VP pick, Joe Biden.

Gay Rights Politics

Not All Church Signs Are Stupid

The progressive church down the block on me that I pass on my way home from work that made headlines for using their sign to take on Glenn Beck also apparently supports gay rights :


I always think of this church’s signs as a rejoinder to those idiotic ones that usually make the rounds through email, reddit, and elsewhere.

Not all religious people are idiots.

Of course: line dancing? Really?

[Image hastily snapped with my Droid walking home.]

Barack Obama National Security The Bush Legacy The Opinionsphere The War on Terrorism

The Winklevoss Twins of Getting Bin Laden

Why are we listening to the Bush administration officials anyway? They didn’t get Bin Laden. They’re like the Winklevoss Twins of getting Bin Laden. If you were the guys who were going to kill Bin Laden, you would have killed Bin Laden!

Jon Stewart on last night’s Daily Show.

[reddit-me]When Bin Laden was killed, many of my more right-wing friends were oddly silent. Rather than the relief I and so many others felt, they seemed discomfited — not by the tactics or legality or potential consequences of the action, but by a cognitive dissonance as they tried to reconcile their visceral dislike of Obama as anti-American and perhaps even sympathetic to terrorists and their approval of his actions. Then Rush Limbaugh gave them the defense mechanism they needed — and suddenly it became glaringly obvious to them that Obama was taking too much credit for the operation, that he had used first person pronouns way too much in the speech. (Though the words of the speech don’t bear that out.)

But worse than Limbaugh’s attempts to insulate his audience from that uncomfortable feeling of challenging their preconceptions about Obama are the former Bush administration officials’ attempts to take credit for themselves, using this triumph of American military force and intelligence to justify their subversion of both.

As outrageous as it sound, the contemporaneous record reflects that the Bush administration prioritized Saddam over Bin Laden shortly after 9/11 and was unwilling to provide the boots on the ground or even drones urgently requested by the CIA and Special Forces tracking Bin Laden in the aftermath. The Bush administration was unwilling to provide the Pakistani army the air transport they claimed they needed to move troops to the border to secure it even as the Bush administration relieved relied upon and trusted the Pakistani army to secure their wild and lawless border to cut off Bin Laden’s escape. Worse still, the “intelligence” provided by illegal, tortured confessions in contradiction of America’s long military and intelligence history were used to justify the Bush administration’s belief that Saddam and Bin Laden were working together on a WMD attack on America — and later, this same intelligence sources under torture, provided the basis for shutting down the team focused on finding Bin Laden , as they pretended he was a mere figurehead. (A logical bit of information to make up if you wanted an interrogation to end and you couldn’t give them the actionable intelligence to find Bin Laden they wanted.) It was this last bit of intelligence which the former Bush administration officials claim credit for being used to find Bin Laden :

Al-Libbi told interrogators that the courier would carry messages from bin Laden to the outside world only every two months or so. “I realized that bin Laden was not really running his organization. You can’t run an organization and have a courier who makes the rounds every two months,” Rodriguez says. “So I became convinced then that this was a person who was just a figurehead and was not calling the shots, the tactical shots, of the organization. So that was significant.”

And later that same year, the CIA shut down its dedicated hunt for OBL.

Obama, upon taking office, did not do anything incredible. What he did do was to apply some common sense that the panic-stricken and Iraq-obsessed Bush administration had missed — he re-focused the national security apparatus on destroying Al Qaeda and Bin Laden. That’s why drone attacks began to increase when he became president. That’s part of the reason why he surged troops into Afghanistan. That’s why — as a candidate — Obama promised that he would go into Pakistan after Bin Laden even if the Pakistanis did not sanction the operation. (This bit of common sense caused Hillary Clinton and John McCain to slam him for his position.) That’s why the Bin Laden operation was so carefully planned for , with every possible scenario gamed out — from scenarios where the Special Forces needed to fight their way out of Pakistan to teams ready to interrogate him.

There was certainly a great deal of luck involved — and if the Bush administration had been presented with the same opportunity to get Bin Laden, I’m sure they would have taken it. But surely it is not a coincidence that the administration that had higher priorities than finding Bin Laden let him slip through their fingers several times while the administration that focused the mighty resources of the United States military and intelligence apparatus on Al Qaeda and Bin Laden found the opportunity that had failed to present itself for seven long years under Bush’s leadership.

Leadership matters. It’s a little too late to take credit now.

Barack Obama Criticism National Security Politics Post 9/11 Generation The Bush Legacy The Opinionsphere The War on Terrorism

In Response To Those Disturbed By Celebrating on the Death of Bin Laden

I mourn the loss of thousands of precious lives, but I will not rejoice in the death of one, not even an enemy. Returning hate for hate multiplies hate, adding deeper darkness to a night already devoid of stars. Darkness cannot drive out darkness: only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate: only love can do that. – Martin Luther King, Jr.

I started seeing this quote popping up in my Facebook feed last night. In response, let me say 2 things:

(1) It’s fake. Martin Luther King, Jr., didn’t say that. It’s loosely based on this quote .

(2) Do you remember your first time watching The Wizard of Oz as a kid? That feeling of elation in the moments after the witch melted and the munchkins and everyone else began to sing, “Ding dong, the witch is dead!”?

Whether rational or not, the figure of Osama Bin Laden — and our inability to find him — has loomed over our consciousness since September 11. His survival despite America’s might directed against him, despite the abhorrence of his crimes, suggested impotence and an inability to control events and affect our own fate. The knowledge that not only did he survive, but he continued to plan to kill and terrorize — that at any moment, some decision of his which we had no way of affecting could wreck the lives of thousands, even our own — loomed over us. But on May 1, 2011, order was restored and the villain taken down. And that is a catharsis worthy of storybooks. [reddit-me]

Voices urging restraint and caution at such moments of national catharsis are good and worthy. Because moments of catharsis can be distorted — they can turn to ugly emotions. Wisdom counsels that we “Rejoice not when thine enemy falleth, and let not thine heart be glad when he is overthrown.”  It is unseemly to celebrate murder — and all too easy to demonize one’s enemies to justify resorting to violence. But as another wise man said,  “ A foolish consistency is the hobgoblin of little minds .”

And it was Martin Luther King who said, “the arc of history is long but it bends towards justice” — and even as this prophet of non-violence may not have condoned it — in Bin Laden’s violent end by American hands, there was justice.

An evil man who claimed theological justification and technological means to murder millions; who inspired, authorized and directed the killing of thousands; who wanted women confined to a second-class status; who directed the killings of the vast majority of Muslims as unclean unbelievers — an evil man who murdered 3,000 souls on one fateful September morning — this Sunday, he was removed from this world.

And the world is better for it.

And for that, we should all celebrate.

[Image by Dan Nguyen @ New York City licensed under Creative Commons.]

Criticism Domestic issues Immigration Politics Videos

Bloomberg: How To Use Immigration Policy to Save Detroit

[reddit-me]Three thoughts regarding this suggestion by Mayor Bloomberg on Meet the Press yesterday morning:

1) This is exactly the sort of sensible, pragmatic suggestion that Bloomberg is known for — that is business-focused but would never get through any Democratic or Republican legislature because of the anti-immigrant backlash.  But it’s a good idea — and one grounded in the American tradition — as Matt Yglesias explained a year ago — similar to the homesteading policies that the U.S. used to encourage settlers to move West. Which leads me to my next point.

2) When I heard Bloomberg say this, I thought: “Aha! I wonder if he reads Matt Yglesias too!” Probably a silly thought — as Bloomberg spends his days focused on urban policy. But when I first heard Bloomberg say it, I had thought this was one of Yglesias’s many excellent ideas — but as I read his original post , it was instead one of the many interesting ideas that Yglesias brings to his audience from other sources.

3) Bloomberg’s approach to government is so successful because it is pragmatic and businesslike. But this comment also reveals what he misses. He uses the rather obnoxious line that any business run as the government is would fail. Of course! That’s part of why we have a government — to perform tasks that aren’t profitable but are still necessary. Bloomberg explains how politicians fail to act like businessmen by focusing on “issues they can’t come together on.” For a company, it makes a lot of sense to steer your company away from any matter on which their isn’t agreement. But politics is precisely where these ideas are hashed out. Of course, the tendency of some purists to insist on halting all action until the other side gives in needs to be balanced with the pragmatism that all successful businessmen and politicians have in common.

Criticism Domestic issues Libertarianism Political Philosophy The Opinionsphere The Web and Technology

AT&T Is Asking Us To Trust Them

[reddit-me]Earlier this week, I noticed a bit of traffic hitting an old post of mine about AT&T’s unlikely sponsorship of libertarian ideologues as they attempt to stop net neutrality. (Unlikely given their history of constantly pleading for government intervention in their favor.) I followed the source to the AT&T’s forum but could find no link leading back to my rather critical post about AT&T.

So, today, I decided to check on what had happened. I didn’t see any easy way to contact the people posting or the moderators, so I posted myself asking if anyone knew what had happened . Tifa_Shines “answered” my question by censoring my link as “spam.”

Her message to me justifying her censorship said :

Links to material that contains political discussion and/or promotion of third party websites are violating the guidelines and will be removed.

And further that it is “inappropriate” and “unacceptable” to:

discuss[…] participant bans or other Moderator actions

I replied thanking her for “answering” my question — and that post was subsequently deleted. In my 5 minutes as a member of AT&T’s Community Forum, I discovered at least 2 rules:

  • Thou shalt not discuss the political activities AT&T engages in rather than providing decent service.
  • Thou shalt not discuss when AT&T censors you so as better to maintain the fiction of a ‘Community’ Forum.

Knowing that links AT&T, for whatever their reason, did not approve of were labeled “not relevant” and “spam,” I went back to the original page that was the source of traffic and found the offending, censored post — attempting to put AT&T’s bandwidth caps in the context of it’s efforts to fight net neutrality and their history of attacking every innovation from the Hush-A-Phone to the internet in their quest to create “the perfect system” without being distracted by that terrible thing called competition, and coincidentally, extracting the maximum profit from their customers.

In the scheme of things, the injustice of this censorship is rather small. AT&T is a private company and they can do whatever they want in a private forum that they run. Even the Westboro Baptist Church has rights.

But AT&T, by opposing net neutrality, is asking that we as a people trust them to not censor the internet.

They are asking for permission to change the structure of the internet by violating one of it’s foundational principles — net neutrality. (A principle that AT&T coincidentally opposed when government scientists were attempting to create the internet in the 1950s.)

They are asking that we trust them to not make websites that disagree with them slower and making those they approve of faster.

They are asking that we trust them as an ISP to provide access to content that criticizes them.

They are asking that we trust them not to quash the next disruptive technology that will use the internet in ways we haven’t yet thought of or that will be even better than the internet.

Their sordid history of pleading for special favors from the government to destroy any opponent or innovator (as detailed in many places, but most memorably and recently, in Tim Wu’s The Master Switch ) — and their attempts to strangle the internet before it even existed — gives us little reason to trust them.

Their bankrolling of former libertarian economists and thinkers such as Adam D. Thierer (who before they sold out were vicious critics of AT&T) to lie about net neutrality gives us little reason to trust them.

AT&T’s attempts to game the political system with a “slush fund” sponsoring what former VP and Director of Communications, Dick Martin, called “so-called ‘grassroots’ organizations all over the place, astroturfing the countryside” give us little reason to trust them.

That various people AT&T has sponsored (including Grover Norquist) have now joined up with right wing religious fanatics to oppose net neutrality on the grounds that it will prevent the censorship of “obscenity and other objectionable content,” is yet another reason not to trust AT&T.

To summarize, AT&T is making the argument that they should be trusted as a steward of the internet and that the government should not allowed to protect one of the foundational principles of the internet that has made it a libertarian utopia of competition and free markets in the name of…libertarianism. Yet it’s history and current incarnation betray a culture of censorship and anti-competitive behavior that extends down to an Orwellian policing of it’s ‘Community’ Forum — labeling links it disagrees with as “Spam” and forbidding any discussion of it’s own censorship.

If it succeeds in overturning net neutrality, how much longer will it be before any website criticizing them is labeled as spam — just as a link to my blogpost criticizing them was? And how long before any attempt to discuss such labeling will be forbidden as against the user agreement you accept by getting your internet through AT&T?

Mad? Want to do something? Take a moment and email your Congressperson today to tell them how important net neutrality is to you .

Criticism Domestic issues Economics Law Libertarianism Political Philosophy Politics The Web and Technology

Capitalism in Practice

[reddit-me]I’ve started Tim Wu’s The Master Switch , a history of information industries in America; and having read Ayn Rand’s fictional Atlas Shrugged earlier this year — I wonder what Rand would make of this history of industrial warfare.

One of the motifs of Wu’s history is a theme of Rand’s novel — the extreme lengths the rich and powerful will go to in order to quash a disruptive technology. In the novel, it was Rearden steel — a metal stronger, cheaper, and better in every way than ordinary steel; in Wu’s history, it is every technological innovation from the phone to FM radio to television to the internet. In both history and the novel, the established industry used corrupt scientific experts, intimidation of suppliers, government regulation, and the blocking of financing to prevent the disruptive technology from taking off.

Rand’s novel though divides the everyone into two categories: the productive who are proud, competitive, inventive individuals who make everything of worth; and the looters who are unproductive and seek to leach off of the productive using the government, religion, and pity.

Wu’s history reveals a rather different story. There is no figure in history to match the strong, creative, independent, self-made industrial magnate Dagny Taggart. There are few who resemble her brother, the weak, dependent, self-loathing James Taggart who adds nothing of worth to the business except to plead with the government to stop his competitors because their superiority is unfair ,

Only rarely do the inventors become rich. More often, they are outmaneuvered by corporate titans who use every means at their disposal to win. When Edwin Armstrong invented FM radio in 1934, he had pioneered a technology that allowed for better sound quality and that could fit more stations in the same radio spectrum with less interference. David Sarnoff, a major figure in the AM radio industry, was able to prevent FM radio from gaining wide acceptance until the 1970s through a combination of public propaganda, lobbying to change obscure rules relating to radio spectrum usage, and control over the manufacturing of radio players. David Sarnoff managed a vast business empire; he was at the cutting edge of innovations in radio and television. He won not because he was weak and unproductive (as Rand’s villains are) — but because he was ruthless.

Rand’s many fans aren’t typically the creative inventors. They are the very businessmen who see moral justification for their wealth in her philosophy. But they, like the businessmen in Wu’s history, are distinguished not for their purity of motive or love of competition, but their willingness to use any means at their disposal to achieve the corporate empire they seek. Unlike the fictional heroes of Rand’s novel, they do not seek competition. They seek a final victory and end to the competition.

In the theories of Rand and many of her acolytes, capitalism is about competition. In practice, capitalism has about brute strength and force used in restraint of competition.

[Image by Ron Schott licensed under Creative Commons.]

Barack Obama Domestic issues Fiscal Crisis Politics The Opinionsphere

Paul Ryan’s America

[reddit-me]Paul Ryan launched an attack on Barack Obama’s deficit speech last week — calling it “ excessively partisan .”

Which is interesting considering his own approach to the budget deficit which he called “an existential threat to all we hold dear”: Balance the budget without offending a single Republican.

Over a year ago, I described the conundrum Republicans faced as the deficit they were fuming against was largely a result of policies that benefited their own constituencies . Those over 55 who were the only demographic group to vote Republican (even in the Democratic wave years of 2006 and 2008) benefited the most from the trillion dollars spend on Medicare and Social Security. Our military spending nearly matched the rest of the world’s combined — and if you include other national security spending — totaling another trillion. And then there were the various tax incentives and loopholes for big corporations adding up to another few hundred billion dollars. Further, Republicans were committed to not raising taxes on anyone — especially the richest.

Paul Ryan was faced with the unenviable task of squaring this circle. In an effort that nearly everyone described as “serious,” Ryan managed to put forth a plan with no prospect of passing at all — and one that managed to place the entire burden of balancing the budget on the backs of Democratic constituencies . The military was left alone. The base of the Republican party and driver of most of the debt — the elderly — was left alone. Corporations were rewarded with a lower tax rate with some vague talk of eliminating their enormous tax subsidies.

Though Ryan kept saying the pain of balancing the budget would be shared by everyone — his plan was really about cutting off support for those left behind in our society. The rich and elderly were rewarded — even as they accumulate more and more of the nation’s wealth; the middle class were mainly left alone; and the young and the poor were cut off.

That doesn’t sound like the path to a dynamic and prosperous society to me.

Paul Ryan’s future is one where my generation must be prepared to support our parents as they become the test subjects in the biggest social experiment in history: As Medicare becomes a voucher program growing at much lower than the rate of health care inflation, in the hopes that this will slow it down. Meanwhile, my generation must be saving more than any generation in history as we prepare to pay for our own medical costs.

Ryan’s plan is many things:  If taken seriously, it is an attack on all non-Republican constituencies. If implemented, it would be a grand ideological experiment that barely considers the lives of those it would affect which Republicans would normally call “social engineering.”

But most of all, the Ryan plan is (as Slate ‘s John Dickerson said in Friday’s Political Gabfest ), a “bold negotiating position.”

[Photo courtesy of Gage Skidmore licensed under Creative Commons.]